Definition De Bid Bond | Bond Bid Price Definition
 
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Bonding Test Study Guide

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When an atom bonds to another atom, it is trying to fill its
Valence/outer shell
What happens during ionic bonding?
Electrons are transferred (gained/lost) between atoms, one because positive, other negative becomes attracted.
Ionic bonds are between METAL and NONMETAL
Compounds with 2 ions bonded are called anion
What is an ion?
Atom or group of atoms with a charge
How are ionic bonds held together?
Electrostatic forces
In an ionic bond the cation
loses an electron making them positively charged.
In an ionic bond the anion
gains an electron making them negatively charged
The cation is the metal and is named
covalent
The anion is the nonmetal and is named
ionic
What is an oxidation number?
The charge on an atom, it gets its number by gaining or losing electrons.
When do you use Roman Numerals?
When the metal (cation) is in the p,d,f block
What is the octet rule?
Atoms gain,lose, share, electrons in order to have 8 electrons
What is a poly-atomic ion?
A group of nonmetals covalently bonded together that act in the outer shell
What happens during covalent bonding?
Electrons are shared.
Covalent bonds are between
Two non metals
What are the two types of covalent
Diatomic elements and polar covalent
List the 7 Diatomic elements.
Hydrogen (H2) Nitrogen (N2) Oxygen (O2) Fluorine (F2) Chlorine (Cl2) Iodine (I2) Bromine (Br2)
Explain polar covalent molecules
One atom in the molecule is more electronegative than the other atoms, pulls covalent bonds close, makes side of molecule more negative other side more positive
List the covalent bond types in order from weakest to strongest
Ionic,Covalent, hydrogen
Which group forms single covalent bonds when the molecule is diatomic?
BrINClHOF
Double covalent bonds?
6A
Triple covalent bonds?
Group 5A
The overall charge of a compound should be
zero
HgBr IONIC
Mercury (I) Bromide
SO3 COVALENT
Sulfur trioxide
P2O5 COVALENT
Di phosphorus pentoxide
KCl IONIC
Potassium Chloride
Ba(NO3)2 IONIC
Barium nitrate
Lead (II) Phosphate IONIC
Pb3(Po4)2
Di Sulfur Trioxide COVALENT
Ni(CN)2
Chlorine Tetra Flouride IONIC
Cl4F4
TIN (IV) Bromide IONIC
SnBr4
NO2
Nitrogen Dioxide
CO
Carbon monoxide
S3Cl5
Trisulfur Pentachloride
S8O5
Octosulfur pentoxide
Br2I
Dibromine monoiodide
SiF4
Silicon Tetraflouride
Phosphorus trichloride
PCl3
Phosphorus
PO
Disilicon tetrachloride
Si2Cl4
Trinitrogen hexaflouride
N3F6
Pentabromine heptachloride
Br5Cl7
Disphosphorus pentoxide
P2O5
NH4Cl
Ammonium Chloride
Mg(OH)2
Magnesium Hydroxide
Zn(NO3)2
Zinc (II) Nitrate
Ag2SO4
Silver Sulfate
Pb3N2
Lead (II) Nitrite
Calcium Iodide
CaI2
Tin (IV) Sulfide
SnS2
Copper (II) Sulfate
CuSo4
Iron (III) Carbonate
Fe2(CO3)3
Lithium Chloride
LiCl
Nitrate
NO3-
Carbonate
CO3 2-
Sulfate
SO4 2-
Hydroxide
OH-
1A
+1
2A
+2
3A(13)
+3
4A(14)
+4
5A (15)
+5
6A (16)
+6
7A(17)
-1