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Monday, January 23, 2012

Religious Corporation Act.

BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS
(805 ILCS 110/) Religious Corporation Act.
(805 ILCS 110/0.01) (from Ch. 32, par. 163m)
Sec. 0.01. Short title. This Act may be cited as the Religious Corporation Act.
(Source: P.A. 86 1324.)


(805 ILCS 110/35) (from Ch. 32, par. 164)
Sec. 35. Any church, congregation or society formed for the purposes of religious worship, may become incorporated in the manner following: By electing or appointing, according to its usages or customs, at any meeting held for that purpose, two or more of its members as trustees, wardens and vestrymen, (or such other officers whose powers and duties are similar to those of trustees, as shall be agreeable to the usages and customs, rules or regulations of such congregation, church or society), and may adopt a corporate name; and upon the filing of the affidavit, as hereinafter provided, it shall be and remain a body politic and corporate, by the name so adopted.
(Source: P.A. 81 1509.)


(805 ILCS 110/36) (from Ch. 32, par. 165)
Sec. 36. The chairman or secretary of such meeting shall, as soon as may be after such meeting, make and file in the office of the recorder in the county in which such congregation, church or society is organized (which shall be recorded by such recorder) an affidavit, substantially in the following form:
State of Illinois,)
) ss.
.......... County.)
I, ...., do solemnly swear (or affirm, as the case may be), that at a meeting of the members of the (here insert the name of the church, society or congregation, as known before incorporation), held at (here insert place of meeting), in the County of ...., and State of Illinois, on (insert date), for that purpose, the following persons were elected (or appointed) (here insert their names) trustees (or wardens, vestrymen or officers by whatever name they choose to adopt, with powers and duties similar to trustees), according to the rules and usages of such (church, society or congregation). And the (church, society or congregation) adopted as its corporate name (here insert the name). And at the meeting this affiant acted as (chairman or secretary, as the case may be).
Subscribed and sworn to before me on (insert date).
............... (Name of affiant).
Such congregation, church or society may change its name or make other amendment to its original affidavit of incorporation by passing a resolution of such amendment in accordance with the rules and usages of such congregation, church or society and filing an affidavit to that effect in the office of the recorder in the county in which such congregation, church or society is located.
Such affidavit, or a copy thereof duly certified by the recorder, shall be received as evidence of the due incorporation of such congregation, church or society.
(Source: P.A. 91 357, eff. 7 29 99.)


(805 ILCS 110/37) (from Ch. 32, par. 166)
Sec. 37. The term of office of the trustees of any such corporation may be determined by the rules or by laws of the congregation, church or society.
(Source: Laws 1871 72, p. 296.)


(805 ILCS 110/38) (from Ch. 32, par. 167)
Sec. 38. A failure to elect trustees at any time shall not work a dissolution of such corporation, but the trustees last elected shall be considered as in office until their successors are elected.
(Source: Laws 1871 72, p. 296.)


(805 ILCS 110/39) (from Ch. 32, par. 168)
Sec. 39. All elections of trustees after the first, and elections to fill vacancies, may be called and conducted upon such notice and in such manner as may be provided by the rules, usages or by laws of the congregation, church or society. No certificate of election, after the first, need be filed for record.
(Source: Laws 1925, p. 261.)


(805 ILCS 110/40) (from Ch. 32, par. 169)
Sec. 40. A trustee may be removed from office by an election, called and conducted in like manner as elections for trustees, or his office declared vacant for a failure to act, immoral conduct, or for an abandonment of the faith of the congregation, church or society.
(Source: Laws 1871 72, p. 296.)


(805 ILCS 110/41) (from Ch. 32, par. 170)
Sec. 41. Upon the incorporation of any congregation, church or society, all real and personal property held by any person or trustees for the use of the members thereof, shall immediately vest in such corporation and be subject to its control, and may be used, mortgaged, sold and conveyed the same as if it had been conveyed to such corporation by deed; but no such conveyance or mortgage shall be made so as to affect or destroy the intent or effect of any grant, legacy or donation that may be made to such person or trustee for the use of such congregation, church or society. However, this limitation on the disposition of real or personal property does not apply to the extent that a restriction imposed by a donor on the use of an institutional fund may be released by the governing board of an institution under the "Uniform Management of Institutional Funds Act", approved September 15, 1973.
(Source: P.A. 83 388.)


(805 ILCS 110/42) (from Ch. 32, par. 171)
Sec. 42. Any corporation that may be formed for religious purposes under this Act, or any law of this State, for the incorporation of religious societies, may receive land, by gift, legacy or purchase and may erect or build thereon such houses, buildings, or other improvements as it may deem necessary for the convenience and comfort of such congregation, church or society, and may lay out and maintain thereon a burying ground: but only 10 acres of such land shall be exempt from assessment for taxation, and all such land in excess of 10 acres shall be assessed at the same valuation as if it were not a part of a cemetery; and no such property shall be used only except in the manner expressed in the gift, grant or legacy, or if no use or trust is so expressed, only for the benefit of the corporation, church or society for which it was intended.
(Source: P.A. 83 388.)


(805 ILCS 110/43) (from Ch. 32, par. 172)
Sec. 43. The trustees shall have the care, custody and control of the real and personal property of the corporation, subject to the direction of the congregation, church or society, and may, when directed by the congregation, church or society, erect houses or buildings and improvements, and repair and alter the same, and may, when so directed, mortgage, incumber, sell and convey any real or personal estate of such corporation, and enter into all lawful contracts in the name of and in behalf of such corporation: but no mortgage, incumbrance, sale or conveyance shall be made of any such estate, so as to defeat or destroy the effect of any gift, grant or legacy which may be made to such corporation; but all such gifts, grants and legacies shall be appropriated and used as directed or intended by the person or persons making the same. However, this limitation on the disposition of real or personal property does not apply to the extent that a restriction imposed by a donor on the use of an institutional fund may be released by the governing board of an institution under the "Uniform Management of Institutional Funds Act", approved September 15, 1973.
(Source: P.A. 83 388.)


(805 ILCS 110/44) (from Ch. 32, par. 173)
Sec. 44. Any congregation, church or society, heretofore incorporated under the provisions of any law for the incorporation of religious societies, may become incorporated under the provisions of this act, relative to religious societies, in the same manner as if it had not previously been incorporated, in which case the new corporation shall be entitled [to] and invested with all the real and personal estate of the old corporation, in like manner and to the same extent as the old corporation, subject to all the debts contracts and liabilities. The word trustees, wherever used in this act, shall be construed to include wardens and vestrymen, or such other officers as perform the duties of trustees.
(Source: Laws 1871 72, p. 296.)


(805 ILCS 110/45) (from Ch. 32, par. 174)
Sec. 45. Any congregation, church or society, incorporated under this Act, may receive, by grant or legacy, real estate, for the purpose of holding camp meetings, and may make such improvements thereon as they may deem for their comfort and convenience. The title to such real estate shall be in such corporation, subject to like conditions as are provided in this act in regard to other real estate held by such corporation.
(Source: P.A. 83 388.)


(805 ILCS 110/46) (from Ch. 32, par. 175)
Sec. 46. The trustees, or any other persons, designated by any such congregation, church or society incorporated under this act, shall have power to publish, print, circulate, sell or give away such religious, Sabbath school and missionary tracts, periodicals or books as they may deem necessary to the promotion of religion and morality.
(Source: Laws 1871 72, p. 296.)


(805 ILCS 110/46a) (from Ch. 32, par. 176)
Sec. 46a. It shall be lawful for any congregation, church or society, now or hereafter existing in the State of Illinois, and which is under the patronage, control, direction or supervision of any ecclesiastical body, diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer, agreeably to the laws thereof, to become incorporated according to sections 46a to 46h, inclusive, of this act. Such ecclesiastical body, diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer may nominate and appoint, according to the usages, customs, rules, regulations, articles of association, constitution, by laws or canons of any ecclesiastical body, diocesan or like ecclesiastical officer, or sect, or denomination, two or more of the members of such sect, or denomination, residing within any ecclesiastical district, or diocese, to act with the presiding officer, or authorized representative of any ecclesiastical body, or with the diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer, having jurisdiction, agreeably to the laws of any sect, or denomination, over such ecclesiastical district, or diocese, in managing the temporal affairs of such congregation, church or society. The presiding officer, or authorized representative of any ecclesiastical body, or the diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer having jurisdiction as aforesaid, shall, by virtue of his office, be a trustee of any congregation, church, or society which shall hereafter be incorporated under sections 46a to 46h, inclusive, of this act, and which shall be under the patronage, control, direction, or supervision of any ecclesiastical body, diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer aforesaid.
(Source: Laws 1913, p. 191.)


(805 ILCS 110/46b) (from Ch. 32, par. 177)
Sec. 46b. The presiding officer, or duly authorized representative of any ecclesiastical body, or diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer having jurisdiction agreeably to the laws of any sect or denomination over such ecclesiastical district or diocese, shall, as soon as may be after such appointment, make and file in the office of the recorder in the county of which such congregation, church, or society is organized, an affidavit, (which shall be recorded by such recorder), substantially in the following form:
State of Illinois,)
) ss.
County of ........)
I, ...., do solemnly swear (or affirm, as the case may be), that the following persons (here insert their names) were appointed trustees (or wardens, vestrymen, or officers, by whatever name is adopted, with powers and duties similar with trustees) of (here insert the name of the congregation, church, society or corporation) according to the usages or customs (rule, regulations, articles of association, constitution, by laws, or canons, as the case may be) by the (synod, presbytery, conference, convention, council, episcopate, or like ecclesiastical body, or diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer, as the case may be), (here insert the name of the congregation, church, society, sect, or denomination, having charge or control over such congregation, church, society or corporation) under and by virtue of sections 46a, 46b, 46c, 46d, 46e, 46f, 46g and 46h, of "An act concerning corporations," approved April 18, 1872, and the (church, society or congregation, or trustees) adopted as the corporate name (here insert name).
....................................
(Name of affiant and title, if any.)
Subscribed and sworn to before me on (insert date).

Such affidavit, or copy thereof, duly certified by the recorder, shall be received as evidence of the due incorporation of such congregation, church or society.
(Source: P.A. 91 357, eff. 7 29 99.)


(805 ILCS 110/46c) (from Ch. 32, par. 178)
Sec. 46c. The successor of the presiding officer of any ecclesiastical body, or of the diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer, shall, by virtue of his office, be for the time being a trustee of such corporation in place of his predecessor, and when the office of any other trustee becomes vacant, his successor shall be appointed in the manner provided for in the original selection. The number, term of office, and the qualifications of the trustees of any such corporation, may be determined by the usages, customs, rules, regulations, articles of association, constitution, by laws or canons of the ecclesiastical body, or diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer. No certificate of appointment, after the first, need be filed for record.
(Source: Laws 1913, p. 191.)


(805 ILCS 110/46d) (from Ch. 32, par. 179)
Sec. 46d. A trustee may be removed from office whenever his office shall be declared vacant for a failure to act, or for immoral conduct, or for an abandonment of the faith of the congregation, church, society, sect, or denomination, or for failure to observe the usages, customs, rules, regulations, articles of association, constitution, by laws or canons of the congregation, church or society, or of the ecclesiastical body, or diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer, having jurisdiction over any ecclesiastical district or diocese.
(Source: Laws 1913, p. 191.)


(805 ILCS 110/46e) (from Ch. 32, par. 180)
Sec. 46e. The trustees of every such congregation, church, or society, under the patronage, control, direction, or supervision of any ecclesiastical body, or diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer, after the same has become incorporated under Sections 46a to 46h, inclusive, of this Act, and their successors, shall have perpetual succession with power to adopt a common seal, which may be altered and changed at pleasure, contract, and be contracted with, sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded, by the corporate name of such congregation, in all courts, whatever; to receive, hold, dispose of, mortgage, and convey any kind of property; to make and adopt by laws for their government, not inconsistent with Sections 46a to 46h, inclusive, of this Act, or with the rules and regulations of the sect or denomination having the charge or patronage of the corporation; and shall alone have power to make all contracts needful in the management of the temporal affairs of such congregation, church, or society: but no conveyance, or mortgage shall be made to affect, or destroy the intent of any grant, legacy, or donation, that may be made to any person, or trustee, for the use of such congregation, church, or society, or for the use of any sect, or denomination. However, this limitation on the disposition of real or personal property does not apply to the extent that a restriction imposed by a donor on the use of an institutional fund may be released by the governing board of an institution under the "Uniform Management of Institutional Funds Act", approved September 15, 1973. The trustees of any corporation, organized under Sections 46a to 46h, inclusive, of this Act, which is, or may be, under the control, patronage, direction or, supervision of any ecclesiastical body, diocesan, or like officer, shall hold and control, invest or reinvest the real and personal property of such corporation, and contract with reference thereto, according to the "Uniform Management of Institutional Funds Act", or the rules, regulations, constitution, articles of association, by laws, or canons of such ecclesiastical body, diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer.
(Source: P.A. 83 388.)


(805 ILCS 110/46f) (from Ch. 32, par. 181)
Sec. 46f. The trustees of any corporation formed for religious purposes under Sections 46a to 46h, inclusive, of this Act, may receive land in the name of such corporation by gift, legacy or purchase, and make, erect and build thereon, such houses, buildings, or other improvements, as may be necessary for the convenience and comfort of such congregation, church, society, or corporation, and may lay out and maintain thereon a burying ground, and may maintain and build thereon schools, orphan asylums, or such other improvements or buildings as may be necessary for the educational and eleemosynary purposes of such congregation, church, society, or corporation: but such property shall not be used except in the manner expressed in the gift, grant or bequest. However, this limitation on the disposition of real property does not apply to the extent that a restriction imposed by a donor on the use of an institutional fund may be released by the governing board of an institution under the "Uniform Management of Institutional Funds Act", approved September 15, 1973. If no use or trust is so expressed, no such property shall be used except for the benefit of the corporation, church, society, sect, or denomination for which it was intended, or for any religious, educational or eleemosynary purpose approved by such corporation, church, society, or ecclesiastical body, diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer.
(Source: P.A. 84 549.)


(805 ILCS 110/46g) (from Ch. 32, par. 182)
Sec. 46g. Any ecclesiastical body, or diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer, may elect, or nominate, or appoint, according to the usages, customs, rules, regulations, articles of association, constitution, by laws or canons of such ecclesiastical body, diocesan or like ecclesiastical officer, or any sect or denomination, 2 or more members of such sect, or denomination, residing respectively in any ecclesiastical districts, or dioceses, over which such ecclesiastical body, or diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer shall have jurisdiction, as trustees, who may become incorporated under Sections 46a to 46k, inclusive, of this Act, and may take, hold, regulate, control and dispose of any real, personal or mixed property in and outside of this State, devoted to eleemosynary, educational, cemetery or religious purposes (not exclusively belonging to, or used by, any particular congregation, church or society which as an organization, incorporated or unincorporated, is in the opinion of its trustees, wardens, vestrymen or other officers whose powers and duties are similar to trustees financially able to own and maintain such property) for the use of all of the members of the sect, or denomination within said districts, or dioceses, or for the use and benefit of such ecclesiastical body, diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer, or of any parishes, congregations, societies, churches, missions, benevolent, charitable or educational institutions existing under or related to the same, according to Sections 46a to 46k, inclusive, of this Act, according to the "Uniform Management of Institutional Funds Act", approved September 15, 1973, or according to the usages, customs, rules, regulations, articles of association, constitution, by laws or canons of such ecclesiastical body, diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer. The presiding officer or authorized representative of such ecclesiastical body or diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer, shall, by virtue of his office, be a trustee of any such corporation and the number, term of office and qualifications of said trustees, their removal and succession and their powers, duties and manner of appointment, shall be regulated in the manner provided in Sections 46a to 46k, inclusive, of this Act. An affidavit showing the appointment of such trustees made and executed by the presiding officer, or duly authorized representative of such ecclesiastical body, or diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer, or such other person as may be designated by said trustees for such purpose, in substantially the same manner and form as provided in Section 46b of this Act shall be filed in the office of the recorder in the county in which the principal office or place of worship of such corporation is intended to be situated and also a duplicate copy in the office of the Secretary of State, whenever any district or diocese, under the jurisdiction or patronage of such ecclesiastical body, or diocesan, or like ecclesiastical officer, comprises more than any one county of this State or extends outside of the State.
It shall be the duty of the recorder and the Secretary of State to record such affidavits and said affidavits or copies thereof, duly certified by the recorder and Secretary of State, shall be received as evidence of the due incorporation of the organization. No affidavit of appointment after the first need be filed for record.
(Source: P.A. 83 358.)


(805 ILCS 110/46h) (from Ch. 32, par. 183)
Sec. 46h. The word "trustees," whenever used in this act, shall be construed to include wardens, vestrymen, or such other officers as perform the duties of trustee. The words "ecclesiastical body" shall be construed to include any synod, presbytery, conference, convention, council, episcopate, assembly, or any other regularly constituted body of a religious sect or denomination having jurisdiction or patronage of, or charge over, certain ecclesiastical districts, divisions or dioceses. The word "diocesan" shall be construed to include any bishop, archbishop, administrator, or such other ecclesiastical officer as shall be appointed according to the usages, customs, rules, regulations or canons, of any sect, or denomination to preside over and administer the affairs of any ecclesiastical district or diocese.
(Source: Laws 1913, p. 191.)


(805 ILCS 110/46i) (from Ch. 32, par. 184)
Sec. 46i. Any congregation, church or society heretofore incorporated under the provisions of any law for the incorporation of religious societies, may become incorporated under the foregoing sections from 46a to 46h, inclusive, of this act, in the same manner as if it had not previously been incorporated, in which case the trustees of the new corporation shall be entitled to, and invested with, all the real and personal estate of the old corporation, in like manner and to the same extent as the old corporation, subject to all the debts, contracts and liabilities.
(Source: Laws 1913, p. 191.)


(805 ILCS 110/46j) (from Ch. 32, par. 185)
Sec. 46j. Any church, congregation, society or corporation, heretofore or hereafter formed for religious purposes or for the purpose of religious worship under any of the provisions of this Act or under any law of this State incorporating or for the incorporation of religious corporations or societies, may receive land by gift, legacy or purchase and make, erect, and build thereon such houses, buildings, or other improvements as may be necessary for the convenience, comfort and welfare of such church, congregation, society or corporation, and may lay out and maintain thereon a cemetery or cemeteries, or a burying ground or grounds and may maintain and build thereon schools, orphan asylums, or such other improvements or buildings as may be necessary for the educational, eleemosynary, cemetery and religious purposes of such congregation, church, society or corporation; but no such property shall be used except in the manner expressed in the gift, grant or legacy. However, this limitation on the disposition of real property does not apply to the extent that a restriction imposed by a donor on the use of an institutional fund may be released by the governing board of an institution under the "Uniform Management of Institutional Funds Act", approved September 15, 1973. Or if no use or trust is so expressed, no such property shall be used except for the benefit of the congregation, corporation, church or society, for which it was intended, or for such religious, educational or eleemosynary purpose as may be approved by such congregation, church, society or corporation or the ecclesiastical body having jurisdiction or patronage of or charge over such congregation, corporation, church or society.
Any corporation, heretofore or hereafter formed for religious purposes under any of the provisions of this Act or under any other law of this State incorporating or for the incorporation of religious corporations or societies, which now or hereafter owns, operates, maintains or controls a cemetery or cemeteries, or a burial ground or grounds, is hereby authorized and empowered to accept by gift, grant, contribution, payment, or legacy, or pursuant to contract, any sum of money, funds, securities or property of any kind, or the income or avails thereof, and to hold the same in trust in perpetuity for the care of such cemetery or cemeteries, burial ground or grounds, or for the care of any lot, grave or crypt therein; or for the special care of any lot, grave or crypt or of any family mausoleum or memorial, marker, or monument in such cemetery or cemeteries, burial ground or grounds. No gift, grant, legacy, payment or other contribution shall be invalid by reason of any indefiniteness or uncertainty as to the beneficiary designated in the instrument creating the gift, grant, legacy, payment or other contribution. If any gift, grant, legacy, payment or other contribution consists of non income producing property, such corporation is authorized and empowered to sell such property and to invest the funds obtained in accordance with the provisions of the "Uniform Management of Institutional Funds Act", approved September 15, 1973, or the provisions of the next succeeding paragraph.
The trust funds authorized by this Section shall be held intact and, unless otherwise restricted by the terms of the gift, grant, legacy, contribution, payment, contract or other payment shall be invested, from time to time reinvested, and kept invested by such corporation in such investments as are authorized by the "Uniform Management of Institutional Funds Act", and according to such standards as are prescribed, for trustees under that Act and the "Trusts and Trustees Act", approved September 10, 1973, as amended, and the net income only from such investments shall be allocated and used for the purposes set forth in the paragraph immediately preceding; but the trust funds authorized by this Section may be commingled and may also be commingled with any other trust funds received by such corporation for the care of the cemetery or cemeteries, or burial ground or grounds, or for the care or special care of any lot, grave, crypt, private mausoleum, memorial, marker, or monument whether received by gift, grant, legacy, contribution, payment, contract or other conveyance heretofore or hereafter made to such corporation.
The trust funds authorized by this Section, and the income therefrom, shall be exempt from taxation and exempt from the operation of the laws against perpetuities and accumulations.
(Source: P.A. 83 1362.)


(805 ILCS 110/46k) (from Ch. 32, par. 186)
Sec. 46k. Nothing contained in sections 46a to 46k, inclusive, of this act shall be construed as limiting, restricting, or curtailing the rights or powers of any corporation to take or hold real or personal property which has been or may be incorporated under any general law of this state for the purpose of establishing or conducting a university, college, academy or other institution of learning, or as affecting or limiting in any particular the rights or powers granted to any such corporation by an act entitled, "An act to revise the law in relation to universities, colleges, academies and other institutions of learning," approved March 24, 1874, in force July 1, 1874.
(Source: Laws 1913, p. 191.)


(805 ILCS 110/47)
Sec. 47. Liability.
(a) The members of a corporation organized under this Act shall not be personally liable for any debt or obligation of the corporation.
(b) No director, officer, or trustee of a corporation organized under this Act shall be liable, and no cause of action may be brought, for damages resulting from the exercise of judgment or discretion in connection with the duties or responsibilities of the director, officer, or trustee, unless (i) the director, officer, or trustee earns in excess of $5,000 per year from his or her duties as director, officer, or trustee, other than reimbursement for actual expenses, or (ii) the act or omission involved willful or wanton conduct.
(c) No person who, without compensation other than reimbursement for actual expenses, renders services to or for a corporation organized under this Act shall be liable, and no cause of action may be brought, for damages resulting from an act or omission in rendering such services unless the act or omission involved willful or wanton conduct.
(d) As used in this Section, "willful or wanton conduct" means a course of action that shows an actual or deliberate intention to cause harm or that, if not intentional, shows an utter indifference to or conscious disregard for the safety of others or their property.
(e) Nothing in this Section is intended to bar any cause of action against the corporation or to change the liability of the corporation arising out of an act or omission of any director, officer, or person exempt from liability for negligence under this Section.
(Source: P.A. 89 81, eff. 1 1 96.)


(805 ILCS 110/50) (from Ch. 32, par. 187)
Sec. 50. As used in this section, the term "Eastern Orthodox Church", also known as the "Greek Orthodox Church", includes the following established and operating jurisdictions of that church:
(a) The jurisdictions of the Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, Apostolic Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch, Patriarchate of Moscow, Patriarchate of Alexandria, Patriarchate of Yugoslavia (Serbia), Patriarchate of Jerusalem, exercised in the Americas including the United States and possessions, by their duly authorized exarch, metropolitan, archbishop or bishop.
(b) The jurisdiction of the autonomous churches which operate in Greece, Yugoslavia (Serbia), Rumania and Bulgaria exercised in the Americas including the United States and possessions, by their duly authorized exarch, metropolitan, archbishop or bishop.
(c) The jurisdiction of the Ukranian Orthodox Church of the United States of America, exercised in the Americas including the United States and possessions, by its duly authorized exarch, metropolitan, archbishop or bishop.
This Act shall apply to all churches, congregations, parishes, committees and other religious organizations governed by jurisdictions, archdioceses and dioceses of the Eastern Orthodox Church adhering to and maintaining the apostolic and historic communion, doctrine, disciplines, canon law, tradition, worship and unity of the Eastern Orthodox Church and such churches, congregations, parishes and committees and societies thereof may be incorporated pursuant to this Act.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 2112.)


(805 ILCS 110/51) (from Ch. 32, par. 188)
Sec. 51. If the usages, customs, rules, regulations or canons of any religious organization require that any subordinate body of that organization obtain the permission of any hierarch, archbishop, bishop, administrator or other official or officials of the organization before incorporating, such permission may be set forth in the affidavit provided for in Section 36 or Section 46b of this Act, whichever may be applicable, as evidence of incorporation under this Act.
(Source: Laws 1955, p. 2112.)

An enemy of the state?

An enemy of the state is a person accused of certain crimes against the state, such as treason. Describing individuals in this way is sometimes a manifestation of political repression. For example, an authoritarian regime may purport to maintain national security by describing social or political dissidents as "enemies of the state". In other cases, the individual in question may have legitimately endangered the country and/or its population. For example, a double agent selling military or intelligence secrets could undermine a nation's security, and could therefore be considered an enemy not of just a person or entity within a state, but the state itself and all entities therein.[

Monday, January 16, 2012

MARVIN SANTAE MOBLEY©™® DECLARATION OF COMMERCIAL AFFIDAVIT OF TRUTH & COPYRIGHT NOTICE

Copyright Notice
DECLARATION OF COMMERCIAL AFFIDAVIT OF TRUTH
In the matter of commerce, all commerce operates in truth and in commerce truth is
sovereign, truth is expressed by in the form of an affidavit. Demand for truth is made of all parties for full disclosure.

1. I ©Marvin Santae: Mobley, the Preamble have personal first-hand knowledge of the matters stated herein. I am over the age of 21 and I have no legal disability. I declare these below facts under the penalty of perjury, to be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, to the absolute best of my knowledge, understanding and belief of the law, and of the facts in relation to "Public Policy HJR 192", said Public Policy remaining UNREPEALED to date.

2. I declare that, due to the document untitled but commonly referred to as Constitution of the United States of America as ratified in 1789 AD. and amended in 1791 AD. (hereinafter USA Constitution), at Article 1, Section 10, Clause 1; which mandates that "No State shall make any Thing but gold and silver coin a Tender in Payment of Debts".. sad Clause remaining UN-REPEALED to date.

3. I declare that, due to the Federal Law, Title 12 USC, Section 152, which defines "Lawful Money of the United States" to be Gold and Silver Coin "ONLY", said Section remaining UN¬REPEALED to date.

4. I declare that, due to 48 Stat. 2, (March 09, 1933) and 48 Stat. 113 (June 05, 1933) all gold coin was removed from common circulation AT PAR, from all banks in America, said Statutes remaining UN-REPEALED to date.

5. I declare that, due to Public Law 8931 (July 23, 1965) Senate #2080 and Public Law 9029 (June 24, 1967) Title 50, Section 9898H and 60 Stat. 596 all silver coin was removed from common circulation AT PAR, from all banks in America, said Public Laws, Sections and Statutes remaining UN-REPEALED to date.

6. I declare that, due to 48 Stat. 2, (March 09, 1933) and 48 Stat. 113 (June 05, 1933) all gold coin was removed from common circulation AT PAR, from all banks in America, said Statutes remaining UN-REPEALED to date.

7. I declare that, due to Public Law 8931 (July 23, 1965) Senate #2080 and Public Law 9029 (June 24, 1967) Title 50, Section 9898H and 60 Stat. 596 all silver coin was removed from common circulation AT PAR, from all banks in America, said Public Laws, Sections and Statutes remaining UN-REPEALED to date.

8. I declare that since I cannot be made to perform the impossible, I am therefore CONSTRAINED BY THESE LAWS. I Marvin Santae: Mobley can\will issue a bid bond, performance bond & payment bond to discharge debts when a TRUE BILL IN COMMERCE is prepared for individual or entity that I control. I will issue a bid bond, performance bond & payment bond for debt imposed on ©MARVIN SANTAE: MOBLEY @ where there is a TRUE BILL OF COMMERCE This is a demand for CORPORATION to mail a TRUE BILL OF COMMERCE to this Notary: ANDRE COLEMAN-EL AURORA, COLORADO 80047

9. I ©Marvin Santae: Mobley declare that I am the secured party to DEBTOR: MARVIN SANTAE: MOBLEY @ a straw man 'Black Law 5th ed page 1274 straw man or art A "front` a person who is put up in name only to take part In the deal. ,Nominal party to a transaction, one who acts as an agent for another for the purpose of taking title to real property and executing whatever documents

Copyright Notice: All rights reserved re common-law copyright of trade-name/trade-mark, MARVIN SANTAE MOBLEY©™® as well as any and all derivatives and variation in the spelling of said trade-name/trade-mark – Common Law Copyright ©™® 1996 by Marvin Santae Mobley©™®. Said common-law trade-name/trade-mark, MARVIN SANTAE MOBLEY /SANTAE MARVIN MOBLEY©™®, may neither be used, nor reproduced, neither in whole nor in part, nor in any manner whatsoever, without the prior, express, written consent and acknowledgement of Marvin Santae Mobley©™® as signified by the blue-ink, black-ink and or red-ink signature of Marvin Santae Mobley©™®, hereinafter “Secured Party”. With the intent of being contractually bound, any juristic person, as well as the agent of said juristic person, consents and agrees by this Copyright Notice that neither said juristic person, nor the agent of said juristic person, shall display, nor otherwise use in any manner, the common-law trade-name/trade-mark MARVIN SANTAE MOBLEY©™®, nor the common-law copyright described herein, nor any derivative of, nor any variation in the spelling of, MARVIN SANTAE MOBLEY©™® without the prior, express, written consent and acknowledgment of Secured Party, as signified by Secured Party’s signature in red ink. Secured Party neither grants nor implies, nor otherwise gives consent for any unauthorized use of MARVIN SANTAE MOBLEY©™®, and all such unauthorized use is strictly prohibited. Secured Party is not now, nor as Secured Party ever been an accommodation party, nor a surety, for the purported debtor, i.e. “MARVIN SANTAE MOBLEY”, nor for any derivative of, nor for any variation in the spelling of, said name, nor for any other juristic person, and is so-indemnified and held harmless by Debtor, i.e. “MARVIN SANTAE MOBLEY”, in Hold harmless and Indemnity Agreement No. MSM-010712-HHIA dated the Seventh Day of the First Month in the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand and Twelve against any and all summonses, lawsuits, costs, fines, liens, levies, penalties, damages, interests, and expenses whatsoever, both absolute and contingent as are due and as might become due, now existing and as might hereafter arise, and as might be suffered by, imposed on, and incurred by Debtor for any and every reason, purpose, and cause whatsoever. Self-executing Contract/Security Agreement in Event of Unauthorized Use: By this Copyright Notice both the juristic person and the agent of said juristic person, hereinafter jointly and severally “User”, consent and agree that any use of MARVIN SANTAE MOBLEY©™® other than authorized use as set forth above constitutes unauthorized use, counterfeiting, of Secured Party’s common-law copyrighted property, contractually binds User, renders this Copyright Notice a Security Agreement wherein User is debtor and MARVIN SANTAE MOBLEY©™® is Secured Party, and signifies that User: (1) grants Secured Party a security interest in all of User’s assets, land, and personal property, and all of User’s interest in assets, land and personal property, in the sum certain amount of $500,000.00 per each occurrence of use of the common-law-copyrighted trade-name/trade-mark MARVIN SANTAE MOBLEY©™®, as well as for each and every occurrence of use of any and all derivatives of, and variation in the spelling of, MARVIN SANTAE MOBLEY©™®, plus costs, plus triple damages; (2) authenticates this Security Agreement wherein User is debtor and Marvin Santae Mobley©™® is Secured Party, and wherein User pledges all of User’s assets, land, consumer goods, farm products, inventory, equipment, money, investment property, commercial tort claims, letters of credit, letter-of-credit rights, chattel paper, instruments, deposit accounts, accounts, documents, and general intangibles, and all User’s interest in all such foregoing property, now owned and hereafter acquired, now existing and hereafter arising, and wherever located, as collateral for securing User’s contractual obligation in favor of Secured Party for User’s unauthorized use of Secured Party’s common-law-copyrighted property; (3) consents and agrees with Secured Party’s filing of a UCC Financing Statement in the UCC filing office, as well as in any county recorder’s office, wherein User is debtor and Marvin Santae Mobley©™® is Secured Party; (4) consents and agrees that said UCC Financing Statement described above in paragraph “(3)” is a continuing financing statement, and further consents and agrees with Secured Party’s filing of any continuation statement necessary for maintaining Secured Party’s perfected security interest in all of User’s property and interest in property, pledged as collateral in this Security Agreement and described above in paragraph “(2)”, until User’s contractual obligation theretofore incurred has been fully satisfied; (5) consents and agrees with Secured Party’s filing of any UCC Financing Statement, as described above in paragraphs “(3)” and “(4)” as well as the filing of any Security Agreement, as described above in paragraph “(2)”, in the UCC filing office, as well as in any county recorders’ office; (6) consents and agrees that any and all such filings described in paragraphs “(4)” and “(5)” above are not, and may not be considered, bogus, and that User will not claim that any such filing is bogus; (7) waives all defenses; and (8) appoints Secured Party as Authorized Representative for User, effective upon User’s default re User’s contractual obligations in favor of Secured Party as set forth below under “Payment Terms” and “Default Terms”, granting Secured Party’s sole discretion, deems appropriate, and User further consents and agrees that this appointment of Secured Party as Authorized Representative for User, effective upon User’s default, is irrevocable and coupled with a security interest. User further consents and agresss with all of the following additional terms of Self-executing Contract/Security Agreement in Event of Unauthorized Use: Payment Terms: In accordance with fees for unauthorized use of MARVIN SANTAE MOBLEY©™® as set forth above, User hereby consents and agrees that User shall pay Secured Party all unauthorized-use fees in full within ten (10) days of the date User is sent Secured Party’s invoice, hereinafter “Invoice”, itemizing said fees. Default Terms: In event of non-payment in full of all unauthorized-use fees by User within ten (10) days of date invoice is sent, User shall be deemed in default and: (a) all of User’s property and property pledged as collateral by User, as set forth in above in paragraph “(2)”, immediately becomes, i.e. is, property of Secured Party; (b) Secured Party is appointed User’s Authorized Representative as set forth above in paragraph “(8)”; and (c) User consents and agrees that Secured Party may take possession of, as well as otherwise dispose of in any manner that Secured Party, in Secured Party’s sole discretion, deems appropriate, including, but not limited by, sale at auction, at any time following User’s default, and without further notice, any and all of User’s property and interest, described above in paragraph “(2)”, formerly pledged as collateral by User, now property of Secured Party, in respect of this “Self-executing Contract/Security Agreement in Even of Unauthorized Use,” that Secured Party, again in Secured Party’s sole discretion, deems appropriate. Terms for Curing Default: Upon event of default, as set forth above under “Default Terms”, irrespective of any and all of User’s former property and interest in property, described above in paragraph “(2)”, in the possession of, as well as disposed of by, Secured Party, as authorized above under “Default Terms”, User may cure User’s default only re the remainder of User’s said former property and interest property, formerly pledged as collateral that is neither in the possession of, nor otherwise disposed of by, Secured Party within twenty (10) days of date of User’s default only by payment in full. Terms of Strict Foreclosure: User’s non-payment in full of all unauthorized-use fees itemized in Invoice within said twenty- (10) day period for curing default as set forth above under “Terms for Curing Default” authorizes Secured Party’s immediate non-judicial strict foreclosure on any and all remaining former property and interest in property, formerly pledged as collateral by User, now property of Secured Party, which is not in the possession of, nor otherwise disposed of by, Secured Party upon expiration of said twenty –(10) day default-curing period. Ownership subject to common-law copyright and UCC Financing Statement and Security Agreement filed with the UCC filing office. Record Owner: Marvin Santae Mobley©™®, Autograph Common Law Copyright ©™® 1996. Unauthorized use of “Marvin Santae Mobley” incurs same unauthorized-use few as those associated with MARVIN SANTAE MOBLEY©™®, as set forth above in paragraph “(1)” under “Self-executing Contract/Security Agreement in Event of Unauthorized Use.”

SILAS MOBLEY SR©™® DECLARATION OF COMMERCIAL AFFIDAVIT OF TRUTH & COPYRIGHT NOTICE

In the matter of commerce, all commerce operates in truth and in commerce truth is
sovereign, truth is expressed by in the form of an affidavit. Demand for truth is made of all parties for full disclosure.

1. I Silas Mobley Sr., the Preamble have personal first-hand knowledge of the matters stated herein. I am over the age of 21 and I have no legal disability. I declare these below facts under the penalty of perjury, to be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, to the absolute best of my knowledge, understanding and belief of the law, and of the facts in relation to "Public Policy HJR 192", said Public Policy remaining UNREPEALED to date.

2. I declare that, due to the document untitled but commonly referred to as Constitution of the United States of America as ratified in 1789 AD. and amended in 1791 AD. (hereinafter USA Constitution), at Article 1, Section 10, Clause 1; which mandates that "No State shall make any Thing but gold and silver coin a Tender in Payment of Debts".. sad Clause remaining UN-REPEALED to date.

3. I declare that, due to the Federal Law, Title 12 USC, Section 152, which defines "Lawful Money of the United States" to be Gold and Silver Coin "ONLY", said Section remaining UN¬REPEALED to date.

4. I declare that, due to 48 Stat. 2, (March 09, 1933) and 48 Stat. 113 (June 05, 1933) all gold coin was removed from common circulation AT PAR, from all banks in America, said Statutes remaining UN-REPEALED to date.

5. I declare that, due to Public Law 8931 (July 23, 1965) Senate #2080 and Public Law 9029 (June 24, 1967) Title 50, Section 9898H and 60 Stat. 596 all silver coin was removed from common circulation AT PAR, from all banks in America, said Public Laws, Sections and Statutes remaining UN-REPEALED to date.

6. I declare that, due to 48 Stat. 2, (March 09, 1933) and 48 Stat. 113 (June 05, 1933) all gold coin was removed from common circulation AT PAR, from all banks in America, said Statutes remaining UN-REPEALED to date.

7. I declare that, due to Public Law 8931 (July 23, 1965) Senate #2080 and Public Law 9029 (June 24, 1967) Title 50, Section 9898H and 60 Stat. 596 all silver coin was removed from common circulation AT PAR, from all banks in America, said Public Laws, Sections and Statutes remaining UN-REPEALED to date.

8. I declare that since I cannot be made to perform the impossible, I am therefore CONSTRAINED BY THESE LAWS. I Silas Mobley Sr., can\will issue a bid bond, performance bond & payment bond to discharge debts when a TRUE BILL IN COMMERCE is prepared for individual or entity that I control. I will issue a bid bond, performance bond & payment bond for debt imposed on MARVIN SANTAE: MOBLEY @ where there is a TRUE BILL OF COMMERCE This is a demand for CORPORATION to mail a TRUE BILL OF COMMERCE to this Notary: ANDRE COLEMAN-EL P.O BOX 470333 AURORA,COLORADO 80047

9. I Silas Mobley Sr. declare that I am the secured party to DEBTOR: MARVIN SANTAE: MOBLEY @ a straw man 'Black Law 5th ed page 1274 straw man or art A "front` a person who is put up in name only to take part In the deal. ,Nominal party to a transaction, one who acts as an agent for another for the purpose of taking title to real property and executing whatever documents.


Copyright Notice
Copyright Notice: All rights reserved re common-law copyright of trade-name/trade-mark, SILAS MOBLEY SR©™®-- as well as any and all derivatives and variation in the spelling of said trade-name/trade-mark – Common Law Copyright ©™® 1985 by Silas Mobley Sr©™®. Said common-law trade-name/trade-mark, SILAS MOBLEY SR©™®/ MOBLEY SILAS SR©™®, may neither be used, nor reproduced, neither in whole nor in part, nor in any manner whatsoever, without the prior, express, written consent and acknowledgement of Silas Mobley Sr©™® as signified by the blue-ink, black-ink and or red-ink signature of Silas Mobley Sr©™®, hereinafter “Secured Party”. With the intent of being contractually bound, any juristic person, as well as the agent of said juristic person, consents and agrees by this Copyright Notice that neither said juristic person, nor the agent of said juristic person, shall display, nor otherwise use in any manner, the common-law trade-name/trade-mark SILAS MOBLEY SR©™®, nor the common-law copyright described herein, nor any derivative of, nor any variation in the spelling of, SILAS MOBLEY SR©™® without the prior, express, written consent and acknowledgment of Secured Party, as signified by Secured Party’s signature in red ink. Secured Party neither grants nor implies, nor otherwise gives consent for any unauthorized use of SILAS MOBLEY SR©™®, and all such unauthorized use is strictly prohibited. Secured Party is not now, nor as Secured Party ever been an accommodation party, nor a surety, for the purported debtor, i.e. “SILAS MOBLEY SR”, nor for any derivative of, nor for any variation in the spelling of, said name, nor for any other juristic person, and is so-indemnified and held harmless by Debtor, i.e. “SILAS MOBLEY SR”, in Hold harmless and Indemnity Agreement No. SM-010712-HHIA dated the Seventh Day of the First Month in the Year of Our Lord Two Thousand and Twelve against any and all summonses, lawsuits, costs, fines, liens, levies, penalties, damages, interests, and expenses whatsoever, both absolute and contingent as are due and as might become due, now existing and as might hereafter arise, and as might be suffered by, imposed on, and incurred by Debtor for any and every reason, purpose, and cause whatsoever. Self-executing Contract/Security Agreement in Event of Unauthorized Use: By this Copyright Notice both the juristic person and the agent of said juristic person, hereinafter jointly and severally “User”, consent and agree that any use of SILAS MOBLEY SR©™® other than authorized use as set forth above constitutes unauthorized use, counterfeiting, of Secured Party’s common-law copyrighted property, contractually binds User, renders this Copyright Notice a Security Agreement wherein User is debtor and SILAS MOBLEY SR©™® is Secured Party, and signifies that User: (1) grants Secured Party a security interest in all of User’s assets, land, and personal property, and all of User’s interest in assets, land and personal property, in the sum certain amount of $500,000.00 per each occurrence of use of the common-law-copyrighted trade-name/trade-mark SILAS MOBLEY SR©™®, as well as for each and every occurrence of use of any and all derivatives of, and variation in the spelling of, SILAS MOBLEY SR©™®, plus costs, plus triple damages; (2) authenticates this Security Agreement wherein User is debtor and Silas Mobley Sr©™® is Secured Party, and wherein User pledges all of User’s assets, land, consumer goods, farm products, inventory, equipment, money, investment property, commercial tort claims, letters of credit, letter-of-credit rights, chattel paper, instruments, deposit accounts, accounts, documents, and general intangibles, and all User’s interest in all such foregoing property, now owned and hereafter acquired, now existing and hereafter arising, and wherever located, as collateral for securing User’s contractual obligation in favor of Secured Party for User’s unauthorized use of Secured Party’s common-law-copyrighted property; (3) consents and agrees with Secured Party’s filing of a UCC Financing Statement in the UCC filing office, as well as in any county recorder’s office, wherein User is debtor and Silas Mobley Sr is Secured Party; (4) consents and agrees that said UCC Financing Statement described above in paragraph “(3)” is a continuing financing statement, and further consents and agrees with Secured Party’s filing of any continuation statement necessary for maintaining Secured Party’s perfected security interest in all of User’s property and interest in property, pledged as collateral in this Security Agreement and described above in paragraph “(2)”, until User’s contractual obligation theretofore incurred has been fully satisfied; (5) consents and agrees with Secured Party’s filing of any UCC Financing Statement, as described above in paragraphs “(3)” and “(4)” as well as the filing of any Security Agreement, as described above in paragraph “(2)”, in the UCC filing office, as well as in any county recorders’ office; (6) consents and agrees that any and all such filings described in paragraphs “(4)” and “(5)” above are not, and may not be considered, bogus, and that User will not claim that any such filing is bogus; (7) waives all defenses; and (8) appoints Secured Party as Authorized Representative for User, effective upon User’s default re User’s contractual obligations in favor of Secured Party as set forth below under “Payment Terms” and “Default Terms”, granting Secured Party’s sole discretion, deems appropriate, and User further consents and agrees that this appointment of Secured Party as Authorized Representative for User, effective upon User’s default, is irrevocable and coupled with a security interest. User further consents and agresss with all of the following additional terms of Self-executing Contract/Security Agreement in Event of Unauthorized Use: Payment Terms: In accordance with fees for unauthorized use of SILAS MOBLEY SR©™® as set forth above, User hereby consents and agrees that User shall pay Secured Party all unauthorized-use fees in full within ten (10) days of the date User is sent Secured Party’s invoice, hereinafter “Invoice”, itemizing said fees. Default Terms: In event of non-payment in full of all unauthorized-use fees by User within ten (10) days of date invoice is sent, User shall be deemed in default and: (a) all of User’s property and property pledged as collateral by User, as set forth in above in paragraph “(2)”, immediately becomes, i.e. is, property of Secured Party; (b) Secured Party is appointed User’s Authorized Representative as set forth above in paragraph “(8)”; and (c) User consents and agrees that Secured Party may take possession of, as well as otherwise dispose of in any manner that Secured Party, in Secured Party’s sole discretion, deems appropriate, including, but not limited by, sale at auction, at any time following User’s default, and without further notice, any and all of User’s property and interest, described above in paragraph “(2)”, formerly pledged as collateral by User, now property of Secured Party, in respect of this “Self-executing Contract/Security Agreement in Even of Unauthorized Use,” that Secured Party, again in Secured Party’s sole discretion, deems appropriate. Terms for Curing Default: Upon event of default, as set forth above under “Default Terms”, irrespective of any and all of User’s former property and interest in property, described above in paragraph “(2)”, in the possession of, as well as disposed of by, Secured Party, as authorized above under “Default Terms”, User may cure User’s default only re the remainder of User’s said former property and interest property, formerly pledged as collateral that is neither in the possession of, nor otherwise disposed of by, Secured Party within twenty (10) days of date of User’s default only by payment in full. Terms of Strict Foreclosure: User’s non-payment in full of all unauthorized-use fees itemized in Invoice within said twenty- (10) day period for curing default as set forth above under “Terms for Curing Default” authorizes Secured Party’s immediate non-judicial strict foreclosure on any and all remaining former property and interest in property, formerly pledged as collateral by User, now property of Secured Party, which is not in the possession of, nor otherwise disposed of by, Secured Party upon expiration of said twenty –(10) day default-curing period. Ownership subject to common-law copyright and UCC Financing Statement and Security Agreement filed with the UCC filing office. Record Owner: Silas Mobley Sr©™®, Autograph Common Law Copyright ©™® 1985. Unauthorized use of “Silas Mobley Sr.” incurs same unauthorized-use few as those associated with SILAS MOBLEY SR©™®, as set forth above in paragraph “(1)” under “Self-executing Contract/Security Agreement in Event of Unauthorized Use.”

BID BOND PERFORMANCE BOND PAYMENT BOND

I want to start out by saying that to win in court you have to know what goes on in court. What goes on in the court rooms go back to Edward the First - it’s called Statute Merchant and what it is, is a Bond of Merchant or Bond of Record. The statutes themselves are the Bond and what they do is duplicate the statutes that they charge you under with what they call a Recognizance Bond and people sign the Recognizance Bond without reading what the Bond says. I brought this to Joe’s attention when he signed his Bond…and what it says is, is that you agree to pay back the debt. When you go into court on a criminal charge, it’s CIVIL NOT CRIMINAL. There’s a book out

1
called the “Jurisdiction and Practice of the Law of Admiralty” by John E. Hall; it’s based on “Clerk’s Praxis”. The Clerk’s Praxis was a clerk of the court of registrar of the Court’s Arches under the King’s Bench. The Court of Arches is a court of Probate and John E. Hall is the one that wrote this book - this book was never intended for public viewing. We are going to try to reprint this book so that everyone can have a copy of it to read. If you want to understand how Admiralty works, this is the book you need to read and the reason being; read the case of “Waring v. Clark”, it talks about “Clerks Praxis” in there and they used it in the Vice Admiralty Courts in the Colonies during the American Revolution. This book caused the American Revolution.
What their doing is all about Bonds. When you go into the courtroom after you’re arrested they use two different sets of Bonds. What they do when your arrested they fill out a “Bid Bond”. The United States District Court uses 273, 274 & 275. SF means “Standard Form”. Standard Form 273, Standard Form 274 & Standard Form 275. This is the United States District court. There is another set of Bonds and they are all put out by GSA.; General Services Administration. I’m just talking off the top of my head because I have all of this stuff memorized. GSA Form SF24 is the “Bid Bond”, everyone should have a copy of the Bid Bond. The “Performance Bond” is SF25. The “Payment Bond” is SF25A and put out by the General Services Administration which is abbreviated GSA. The GSA is under the “Comptroller of the Currency” which is under the GAO, the “General Accounting Office”. O.K. you have two sets of Bonds: SF24, SF25 & SF25A. At the Federal Level you have SF273, SF274 & SF275.
O.K. what are they doing with these Bonds? What’s going on in the courtroom is that they are suing you for a debt collection. What it is, is an action of “ASSUMPSIT” The word “PRESUME” comes from the word “Assumpsit” which means “I agree or I presume to do”. An act of “Assumpsit” which means “I agree to a collection of a debt”. If you look at these Bonds…everyone of these Bonds: The “Bid Bond”, “Performance Bond” & “Payment Bond” all have a “PENAL SUM” attached to it. The reason for the “Penal Sum” is if you don’t pay the Debt, you go into “Default Judgment”. That is what is going on in the courtroom. That is why all of these guys are sitting in prison wondering what’s going on. If you go in there and argue jurisdiction…Jack Smith is exactly correct in what he is saying about the HONOR & DISHONOR. If you go in and argue jurisdiction or refuse to answer questions that the judge or the court addresses to you, they will find you in contempt of court and they will put you in jail and if you read “Clerks Praxis” that’s all they talk about is contempt. What they used to do back in Edward the 1st; if you owed a Debt they would send a Sheriff out with a Warrant to arrest you. This is ALL CIVIL, this is NOT CRIMINAL. It’s just a smoke screen to cover up what they are doing with Mercantile Civil Law and what they used to do when they arrest people with a warrant and brought the person into court and made them sign a Bond to release until the civil suit commenced. It actually says “Civil Suit” in “Clerks Praxis”.
There’s some transcripts made of some of my thoughts and I’m going to write it on the board so that everybody knows how to spell. This is how you spell “Clerk’s Praxis”. Latin for “Practice”, if you look up “Praxis” it means “Practice”. This is the only book I have ever seen and I have seen about every Admiralty book in existence, that’s an actual ‘Praxis’ book and it goes into everything that Jack teaches. It talks about

2
“Letters of Rogatory”; it talks about the collection of the debt. What they do is arrest you, then they hold you…basically they hold you until the suit has been completed and when they get “Default Judgment” on you because of failure to pay the Debt, they put you in prison. Anyone who has been in jail or prison that knows me knows that I’m not wrong? Attorneys are there to cover up the smoke screen. What attorneys do, because no-one knows what’s going on, they lead you into “Dishonor” or “Default Judgment” and then the court puts you into prison then they sell your “Default Judgment”. Who do they sell it to?
Believe it or not, the U.S. District Court buys all of these State Court Judgments. Get on a search engine and type in U.S. Courts. I spent a whole 8 hours getting in there. After you get to the US Courts, go to the 11th Circuit Court of the United States…Circuit 1 thru Circuit 11. Click on Circuit 7. That will take you into the various courts; Bankruptcy, District etc. Click on to the Northern Illinois District Court; that will take you to the Clerk’s office - there’s a box there, then scroll down and you’ll see “Administrative Offices” where you’ll see “Financial Department”. It will talk about the “Criminal Justice Act” and “Optional Bids” and this is all spelled out and their not trying to hide it. I don’t know why no-one has found this out before. Go down to “List of Sureties”…now why do you suppose they have a list of “Sureties” in a Federal District Court? When you get into the “List of Sureties” it will have “FMS.Treas.gov”, this is the Department of Treasury. O.K. when you get into the Department of Treasury you see on the left hand side of the screen you’ll see “Admitted Reinsure” and underneath that will be a “List of Sureties” then under that, the word “Forms”. From there you’ll see about 300 “reinsurance” companies, their all ‘insurance” companies. I downloaded the whole thing I have a complete list. I also have a list of Surety Companies. There are two sets of companies: a list of “Surety” and “Reinsurance” companies. Under 750 of the Department of Treasury, they have to be certified so they can buy up these Bonds; these are the people that are buying these Bonds when you went into “Default Judgment” and they can’t buy these Bonds unless they are Certified by the Secretary of the Treasury. Next, click onto the word “Forms” and it will take you to the “Miller Act” reinsurance and will list 3 different kinds of Bonds. They don’t use a “Bid Bond” in the District Court that’s why I gave you “Form 24”. All of these Forms come out of the GSA, the General Services Administration. Form 24, 25, 25A and 273, 274 & 275. The 273, 274 & 275 Bond forms; the 273 is the Reinsurance with the United States. The 274 is the Miller Act reinsurance “Performance Bond”. The 275 is your “Payment Bond”, your Miller Act Reinsurance Payment Bond. What are they doing with these Bonds? They have regulations governing these Bonds; there’s 2000 regulations governing these Bonds. We are going to make these available; its $50 for the discs. The disc has 2000 regulations on CD for people who want this. If you go into these regulations, what they are telling you is, they are buying up commercial items; they use the word commercial items and in 2.01 of these regulations…these regulations are divided up into 50 parts. There’s 1126 pages in volume I and 823 pages in volume II and their all on the disc and what they tell in there is 2.01 defines commercial items as non personal property. What is non personal property? Any property that is not real-estate - it means immovable, real-estate is not movable. Go into your Uniform Commercial Code and look up the word movable and immovables. If you go into…and I’ll read it to you so

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you won’t think I’m making this stuff up. “Commercial Items are commercial paper. I recommend everybody…this is the 8th Edition of Black’s Law Dictionary; I doubt if anyone in the room has got one. This thing is really good…basically what it says is…”Commercial Paper; Negotiable Instruments…anything you put your signature on is a Negotiable Instrument under the Uniform Commercial Code which is the Lex Mercantorium. Its Merchantile Civil Law and the reason they use Lex Merchantorium in the court room is because everyone of you are Merchant’s at Law and Merchants at Law is anyone whom hold themselves out to be an expert because you use commercial paper; because you use commercial paper on a day to day schedule; you are considered to be an expert and this is why they are not telling you what is going on in the courtroom because you are presumed to know this because you hold yourself out to be an expert because you use commercial paper all the time. Everytime you put your signature on a piece of paper, you are creating a Negotiable Instrument. Some are Non-Negotiable and some are Negotiable. Everytime you endorse something your acting as an accommodation party or an accommodation maker under 3-419. An accommodation party is anyone who loans their signature to another party. Read UCC 3-419, it tells you what an accommodation maker is and what an accommodation party is. When you loan your signature to them they can re-write your signature on any document they want and that’s what they are doing. This is what is going on and what the Federal Courts are doing they are buying up these state court default judgments and these are called criminal cases, but are actually civil cases and call them criminal to cover up what they are doing. If you read “Clerk’s Praxis” you find that what they call criminal is all civil, they just call it criminal to cover up what their doing. If you don’t pay the debt you go to prison bottom line, I know I’ve been there. I told them I wanted the C.U.S.I.P. # = Committee on Uniform Identification Process. CUSIP is in the DTC building on 55 Water street. DTC is the Depository Trust Corporation. It’s also called the: GFCC; the DTCC: Depository Trust Clearing Corporation the MSCC: Mutual Securities Clearing Corporation. NSCC: National Security Clearing Corporation. GSCC: Government Securities Clearing Corporation; One Trillion dollars a day goes through the DTC. CUSIP is a trademark of Standard and Poors which is located on the bottom floor of the DTC of 55 Waterstreet. CUSIP has what is called C.I.N.S. = CUSIP INTERNATIONAL NUMBERING SYSTEM. For domestic they have a 6 digit numbering system and when they go international which is where CINS comes in and ISID = International Securities Identification Division. It’s called ISIDPLUS and they have a Global Networking System that includes Paine Webber which has 10,000 corporations in it; they are the major stockholder in CCA which is Correction Corporations of America and they are in Nashville Tennessee. Everyone should have this list and what they have done is privatize the system; everything even real-estate; Ginny Mae, Fanny Mae all of HUD…all of your…this is international. EVERYBODY IS FEEDING OFF OF THE PRISON SYSTEM; ALL OF THE MAJOR CORPORATIONS ARE FEEDING OFF OF THE PRISON SYSTEM. How many of you have heard of REIT = Real Estate Investment Trust or PZN which means Prison Trust. What about all the real estate? They own all the real estate because they hold the Bonds on them. You haven’t redeemed your Bond so they didn’t close your account.

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Leman Brother’s Banking cartel just gave 6 million dollars to New York which had a deficit…you need to read this Treaties its 15 pages and lays it all out. They don’t call it Prison Facilities they call them Credit Facilities. What does that tell you? Leman Brothers are underwriting the prison system.
Here’s what goes on: A contractor comes in or any corporation could come in and what they do is tender a Bid Bond to the US District Court and they buy up these court judgments and anytime you issue a Bid Bond there has to be a reinsure; they even have a Reinsurance Treaty…International Treaties. If you read the Constitution, Treaties are the Supreme Law of the land. So they get a Reinsurance Company to come in and act as Surety for the Bid Bond then they bring in a Performance Bond. All of these Bonds; Bid, Payment & Performance are Surety Bonds and anytime you issue a Bid Bond it has to have a Surety. Where is the Surety going? It’s guaranteeing or reinsuring the Bid Bond by issuing a Performance Bond…that’s what these Performance Bonds are. Then they get an underwriter and that would be either an Investment Broker or an Investment Banker; they come in and underwrite the Performance Bond which is reinsuring the Bid Bond. What does the underwriter do with the Payment Bond? The underwriter takes the 3 Bonds and pools them and known as Mortgaged Backed Securities and when you pool these MBS their called BONDS and their sold to a company called TBA which is the Bond Market Association - this is an actual Corporation. What they do is after the Payment Bond is issued to reinsure or underwrite the Performance Bond which reinsures the Bid Bond, they convert these Bonds to investment securities…the banks do and Brokerage houses and they sell these as investment securities and you are funding the whole enchilada because you got into Default Judgment when you went into court.
Before you can do anything you have to know what’s going on and there are regulations which are at 48 CFR Code of Federal Regulations. This is where I’m getting all of this information from. If your interested in getting the disc its $50 for the disc and there’s over 2000 pages of regulations on there. Part 12 deals with commercial items and commercial items are Negotiable Instruments and their selling these court judgments as Negotiable Instruments as commercial Items through these Bonds: The Bid Bond, the Performance Bond and the Payment Bond. What is a “Reinsure”? Anytime your dealing in Bonds or “Risk Management” and what the “Reinsure” is doing is insuring part of the risk of the Bid Bond. What they do is give him a portion of the original premium; this is all insurance. The original insurer gives him a part of the premium of the policy of the Bid Bond in exchange for being a “Reinsure” or indemnity or act as surety for the Bid Bond. Then the underwriter comes in and guarantees the resale of the Bonds back to the Public as investment securities.
In order to win in court you have to redeem the Bond. I went in and asked them for the Bond and everyone disappeared; nobody showed up…I went down there and asked them for the Bid Bond, I said I want the Bid Bond back I asked for full settlement and closure of the account. I don’t think people are doing it right in court [indiscernible]. [Comment: Everything you described is pure Bottomry.] Ya, Hypothecation. I have a friend that works in Securities & Exchange and knows how to hypothecate these Bonds. It’s your money that they create; same thing going on in the Banks and with these Bonds; they monetize these Bonds. They take your Bond because you got into Default Judgment

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because you didn’t pay the debt and took your Bond and made an investment security out of it. Their making a fortune off you. This guy calls me up and said I read your treatise and said your 100% correct…and I says who’s this and he says well I’ve got my own commodities and Securities Company…he buys these Bonds. They go international and when they go International they go as CINS and from CINS they go to ANNA = Annual Numerical Number Association and located in Brussels Belgium and they have unlimited capital. How many of you have heard of Eurostream? This is where your Pound, Yen, and Sterling; everything came under the Prison System; everything is being funneled through it. Their all feeding off of it. That’s what was behind 9/11 so they could get the state legislature to pass more statutes. Bond Statutes so they could arrest people for writing a threatening letter so they could arrest you for terrorist activity…paper terrorist they call it. ALEC is the think tank behind it = America Legislative Exchange Committee. Paul Warrick owns the Cognis Foundation (?) and what ALEC does is promoting privatization of Prison Systems and what they do is go to the National Congress of Commissioners which are made up of 72 Judges and Lawyers and 72 judges and Lawyers are the ones that drew up the Uniform Commercial Code which everything is operating under. Everything is under Lex Mercantoria. If you go into the State Statutes and I don’t care what code you go into it will say the principle of law and equity or law Merchant is the decision in all the courts; everything is commercial. 7211 7 CFR says that all crimes are commercial. If you read that is says kidnapping, robbery, extortion, murder etc are commercial crimes and if you don’t do full settlement and closure of the account, they will put you in prison. What they do is they sell the Bond both domestically and at the international level. They convert these Bonds to investment securities and sell them at the international level. CCA is the ticker on the Stock Exchange; they actually sell stock and shares on the New York Stock Exchange. CWX, CWD & CWG, when it goes to Frankfurt (CWG), when it goes to Berlin (CWD); I’m telling ya…people think I’m making this stuff up. Their not going to tell the Public. That is their Ticker symbol, their listed right on the New York Stock Exchange. You go buy USA Today or any Global paper that lists the Stocks on there and their on there on the New York Stock Exchange. Question: Answer: CCA Correction Corporation of America and they go international which means Berlin & Frankfurt Germany and they use a different Sticker Symbol. Who owns CCA? Don Russell, he owns 64 Million shares of it. John Ferguson, he’s the vice president and owns about 35 Million shares. They are on the board of directors. There’s another corporation called Dillon Corrections owned by David Dillon and what they did was they merged with Trinity Vender Investments and Dillon and they became SD Warburg and their located in Chicago Illinois and their hooked up with the EIS Bank which is the Bank of International Settlements located in Switzerland one of the largest banks in the world.
All this stuff is in that Treatise; there’s a lot of information in that; you need to sit down and read that so you can understand what’s going on before you do anything. This is why people don’t win in court; if you don’t redeem the Bond….all this trial and presentencing is a dog and pony show. Question [indiscernible] Answer: Don’t use a Bond use a Bid Bond. If you look at that Bid Bond it has the Principal up there…form 24; it’s got the word Principal up there; you’re the principal. Who is the Surety? Straw man is the Surety so you put the Straw man down as the Surety and you put yourself

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down as the Principal. Then you fill out a Performance Bond. The Performance Bond is the Reinsurance for the Bid Bond; put yourself down and the guarantor or reinsure. The Performance Bond is 274. You have 3 different Bonds: Bid Bond; Performance Bond & Payment Bond. The Payment Bond is the underwriter of the Performance Bond. You can do all three Bonds. You can underwrite the performance bond and underwrite the bid with the Performance Bond, that’s the reinsure. Their doing it for you because nobody knows this stuff. You’re the one that created all of this mess. Question: Answer: If you have a case pending what you should do is go to whatever District you’re in. I think Ohio is……go find the Northern District Court and type in your case number and it will tell you about your Bond, who’s got your Bond. I’m going after my Bond. Question: Are you the reinsure on the Payment Bond also? Answer: Well your acting as the underwriter. To tell you what’s going on with the Banks…the banks are all tied in with this. Every time you sign a check - a check is a Promissory Note; the Banks made a derivative on it; the banks do not have any money at all. A check is a Promissory Note and what they do is endorse it on the back after you present it for payment and endorse it on the back ‘without Recourse” and then they sell it as a “Derivative”…they monetize it. They Monetize Debt under the Monetary Control Act of 1980. They monetize it and sell it internationally. If you have a check for $100 you’ll have 20 or 30 international corporations using your check. Question: Is that why they never give you back the checks anymore? Answer: You got it. The question was for the audience: Why don’t you get your canceled checks back anymore after you present for payment? The reason you don’t get them is that they sell them as a promissory note. All personal checks are promissory notes and the banks make derivatives out of them and sell them internationally. Your actually loaning money to the bank…you talk about screwed up. Now you know why they have proctologists. You’re loaning the money to the bank and the bank loans it to other people with derivatives into the Billions. Question: How much are they making? Answer: Trillion of dollars. When it goes internationally you’re getting into 9 & 12 digit figures. 9 digits is a billion etc. Let’s take a 10 minute break.


END OF PART I
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PART II

[Question: I have a court case coming up, if it’s already in default is that necessarily fatal?] Answer: You can cure the default. I use the Default Judgment in same terms of Dishonor. Jack is absolutely correct when you go into Dishonor it looks like what their doing is suing you civilly, a civil suit for a collection of a Debt and if you go into default judgment if you have a claim and I’m taking a mandatory Rule 13. Rule 13 says that when a claim arises from the same transaction or occurrence, it’s mandatory that you file a counterclaim. What is your counterclaim…post settlement and closure of the account under Public Policy. Your entitled to a discharge of the debt because number one you’re the principal and you’re the Holder-In-Due-Course of the original account. You own
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both sides of the account. You own the common stock, the preferred stock and you’re the principal on the account which means you’re the creditor. Everyone is acting like a Debtor instead of a Creditor. What does the Creditor do…he pays his Debts. You have to file the proper paperwork before you can do this; you have to be the secured party you have to file a UCC 1. [Comment: You have to do stuff before that.] You are the Principal upon which all money circulates, this is called the accrual method of accounting. Accruals are the capital and interest from the Principal. Anytime you monetize Debt you have a principal. You have to identify yourself as the principal and what they have to do is return all capital and interest back to you as the principal. This is called the accrual method of accounting. When you get into a courtroom and start arguing jurisdiction, what your saying is I’m not going to pay the debt. First of all let me say that the straw man, the all capital letter name, the one they have a claim against; they have a claim against because your dear old mother signed a contract with the state creating the straw man and he did this through the birth certificate and what they do is give him your name and use your name in all capital letters because you are the fiduciary trustee of the account and what does the fiduciary trustee do with the account…he pays all of his debts to honor the court. Now what these people are doing in the Redemption process is going into court and arguing and their getting into Default Judgment. If you argue jurisdiction or refuse to give the court your name….what you can do is a conditional acceptance. There’s one person here…she has no charging papers. If they don’t charge you then they don’t obviously have a claim against you, they don’t have a claim against the straw man as they don’t have the charging instruments, but you don’t want to start arguing with the court about it. With the conditional acceptance you can say that....”I’m more than happy to give you my name if you can show that charging papers have been put into the court record. I have not seen any papers that show any charges exist.” That’s a “Negative Averment”. What you are doing is rebutting the presumption that they have charges against you. They work by presumption, they don’t have to have anything…they work off presumption; assumpsit that you owe it until you rebut the presumption. Tell them I’ll be more than happy to give you my name. They are drafting you for performance…anytime the court asks you to do something and Jack will verify this; they are drafting you for performance and if you don’t perform you get into dishonor by non acceptance. Their making a formal presentment under 3-501 of the uniform commercial code so they can charge you and they USE the word charge. They use the same commercial words on your Indictment, Information and Complaint they use the word charge…the “following charges” …he has two counts of charges…RICO or they charged me with the same identical thing that they charged Roger with. Roger has been to prison for 9…he hasn’t even been to trial yet. What he’s been doing in there is listening to people that tell him to argue. “Is this an Article III court under the common law?” As soon as he said that…Richard Marcus who was the judge said you obviously don’t understand what venue and jurisdiction this court is operating under. They had a business credit report right there in front of him. He said “I’m going to do a psychiatric evaluation on you to see if you’re competent to stand trial”. When you start arguing when you put yourself out as an expert on commercial paper and here you go arguing instead of paying and honor the court then you’re in dishonor. He’s wondering why their drugging him and their drugging him because he’s
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constantly arguing with these people. You got to be a gentleman, gentile-man. You can’t go in there and start getting belligerent with these people. What do the scriptures say? Be as gentle as a dove and wise as a serpent. You can’t act like an insurgent or belligerent, if you do their going to treat you like one, they’ll beat you up. I’ve been in confrontations with these people and you don’t want to get into a confrontation with these people. What you want to do is settle the account…go to full settlement and closure; your running the account, you’re the Fiduciary Trustee over the account – tell them what to do. You’re the Principal and owner of the account, tell them what to do – tell them you want full settlement and closure of the account. You have to do this from the get-go. Here’s the wording you use: I ACCEPT YOUR CHARGE(S) FOR VALUE AND CONSIDERATION [you have to use the words VALUE and CONSIDERATION] This is what I did…there’s different forms that need to be used and that’s VALUE & CONSIDERATION. I ACCEPT YOUR CHARGE FOR VALUE & CONSIDERATION IN RETURN FOR POST SETTLEMENT AND CLOSURE…OF ACCOUNT [put down your 9 digit social security number and put down CUSIP & AUTOTRIS No. AUTOTRIS means Automated Tracking Identification System. [Question: Is your social security number the same as your AUTOTRIS number?] Answer: Yes it is. Don’t put the dashes in there, just the 9 digit, that’s the CUSIP No. When I said that they didn’t even want to talk to me…when you say CUSIP & AUTOTRIS they know exactly what you’re talking about. I had a judge say that “you could get out of this thing, but you will never figure it out. The COMMITTEE ON UNIFORM SECURITIES IDENTIFICATION PROCESSES. Did everybody get this? OK, CUSIP is spelled C-U-S-I-P. Their all listed in the Handbook called the Committee. COMMITTEE ON UNIFORM SECURITIES IDENTIFICATION PROCESSES. That’s what CUSIP is. CUSIP uses your Social Security Number to identify you because the Birth Certificate is a Security…it is an investment security and they have all the original Birth Certificates which are registered at the State level with the Department of Human Recourses and then they go to the Department of Commerce and the Federal level and then to the DTC. The Depository Trust Corporation at 55 Water Street which has all the Birth Certificates registered. CUSIP is a Trade Mark of Standard & Poors. Who is Standard & Poors? Standard & Poors is located underneath in the DTC building underneath 55 Water Street New York City. If I’m going to fast let me know. Is everybody getting this stuff? [Question: Do you use the 9 digit no. for the number for the Account, CUSIP & AUTOTRIS]. Answer: Yes they use it for ICID too. What you do is put down Acceptance For Value and Consideration and Return for full Settlement and Closure of the Account [number] then put your account CUSIP # & AUTOTRIS # and put your social security number after that and then put down your case number. The more you find it…[comment: clarification on the acceptance] I ACCEPT YOUR CHARGES FOR VALUE & CONSIDERATION IN RETURN AND POST SETTLMENT & CLOSURE [PUT CASE NUMBER] & AUTOTRIS & CUSIP ACCOUNT # & THEN PUT YOUR SOCIAL SECURITY # AFTER IT. Then DATE it and ENDORSE it. That comes after the AUTOTRIS & POST SETTLEMENT you say… “PLEASE USE MY EXEMPTION FOR FULL SETTLEMENT & CLOSURE OF THIS ACCOUNT AS THIS ACCOUNT IS PRE-PAID AND EXEMPT FROM LEVY.
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UNDER RULE 8 OF THE FRCP, I ACCEPT THE CHARGES FOR VALUE & CONSIDERATION IN RETURN PLEASE USE MY EXEMPTION AS PRINCIPAL FOR POST SETTLEMENT & CLOSURE OF CASE NUMBER & CUSIP & AUTOTRIS ACCOUNT NUMBERS [SS #] AS THIS ACCOUNT IS PRE-PAID & EXEMPT FORM LEVY and you would date it and endorse it. Date down here and endorse down here. This is how to pre-pay and exempt from levy then date it and endorse it. You have to endorse it as the Authorized Representative, your going to assume liability yourself. Any questions about this? What they do is they put your AUTOTRIS number which is the AUTOMATED TRACKING IDENTIFICAITON SYSTEM; they put it in a Manuel…it’s in a module and every Federal Agency and every State agency has your tracking number. They have it in the criminal task force that uses it and so do all of the courts and all of the police departments the City, County Sheriff, FEMA, HOMELAND SECURITY. They all use this. This was made in a forensic laboratory in Russia; AUTOTRIS was, and is owned by AD&[S] (hard to make out if ‘M’ then would be Archer Daniel Midland.) Does everyone have it down? [Question regarding the signature indiscernible] My opinion on that is that you’re the Fiduciary Trustee and you’re assuming the responsibility for the straw man as the authorized representative, you’re the authorized representative for the straw man. [My question…is if you use “By” and underneath the name put auth rep, what that is stating is some other person other than the straw man signed that paper.] Jean: yes so that doesn’t make you liable. [The other way of doing it is using the real Christian Appellation there and you are the authorize representative] Under 3-402(1)(a) it says if you sign in the capacity of the authorized representative your not incurring any liability on the signature. That is 3-402 of the UCC. [That’s why you want to use the straw man name and use the word “by” as the authorized representative] Jean: By signing in the name of the representative person or the name of signer. It says .” if a person is acting or purporting to act signs on instrument by signing the name of the representative person or the name of the signer, the representative is bound by the signature to the same extent the representative person is the bound by the simple contract1. If the form of the signature shows unambiguously that the signature is made on behalf of the represented person who is identified in the instrument, the representative is not liable on the instrument.
2. Subject to subsection C, if the form of the signature does not show unambiguously that the signature is made in a representative capacity or the represented person is not identified in the instrument, the representative is liable on the instrument to a holder in due course that took the instrument without notice that the representative was not intended to be liable on the instrument. With respect to any other person, the representative is liable on the instrument unless the representative proves that the original parties did not intend the representative to be liable on the instrument
Judges and lawyers don’t understand commercial law. They do not teach commercial law at law school. They have a special school for them and it’s on a need to know basis. No-one uses this stuff…the problem is no-one knows this stuff, that’s why I’m up here teaching this stuff. When you use commercial paper what does it mean? It means that you understand what your doing. The law always assumes that you know…you
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were doing this since you were born until you reach the age of accountability which is 18 years of age or what they call adulthood. Your considered an adult at 18 in some states [some states its 21] your responsible for your actions. The problem with this country is that no-one wants any responsibility. If your holding yourself out and using commercial paper on a daily basis that legal definition makes you an expert or you wouldn’t be using it so they presume that when you go into the courtroom you know all this stuff. Does everybody know this stuff…hell no they don’t even judges don’t know. Here’s what your dealing with…I’m glad you brought that up. The question is: If you don’t show up in court with an attorney…..this is why they drill you about competency; mental capacity. This is why Roger Elvick is in a mental institution and drugging him in a stupor, he doesn’t even know what he’s doing because you go in there and start arguing with these people. When you’re in a commercial setting, you don’t want to argue with these people. What you want to do…the reason why you have to have an attorney and I can’t emphasize this too strongly…the reason why you have to have an attorney in a court room is because their working on the public side and they can’t talk to you except through an attorney because they are working on the public side and your working on the private side and what’s going on in the Public side is everyone is insolvent and bankrupt on the public side. Your dealing in…and I’m going to read this to you its out of Black’s Law Dictionary and you’ll see why you can’t go in their and argue jurisdiction. This is called a Fiction-of-Law; this comes out of Black’s Law and what they are referring you to when you look up “Fiction-of-Law” is “Legal Fiction”. Why do they call it “Legal Fiction”? OK, here’s the definition of what a “Legal Fiction” is: Remember this is a “Fiction-of-Law”. This is the reason why you can’t go in there and argue, you’re in a commercial court room, a commercial setting. Now there’s certain aspects of Admiralty where you can do that. But when you’re in a commercial setting, you cannot do that. Its says a “Legal Fiction”: “The subject or something that may be true even though it may be untrue made especially into judicial reasoning to alter how a legal rule operates; specifically a devise by which a legal rule or institution is divergent from its original purpose to accomplish indirectly some other objects. The constructive trust is an example of a legal fiction; also termed a “Fiction-of-Law”. Fictio Juris is how they pronounce it. And they will not allow you to defeat this “Fiction-Of-Law”. Why? Because this is what the rules of decisions that came out of the “Erie v Thompkins” decision and all of the courts at every level are using it…there using FICTIONS OF LAW. Why? Because in Admiralty Maritime Law everything is colorable; it has the appearance of being real but is not real. [Or as Howard Freeman put it: “Appears to be Genuine, but is not”.] It looks like its real but its not. I was involved in a case with George [Hainaman] and the Federal District Judge said you can get off this whole thing but you’ll never figure it out so I filed a Habeas Corpus and they through the Habeas Corpus out and in his opinion…his decision in the H.B. he said I failed to give COLOR to my pleadings…I failed to state a colorable claim. And if you study Admiralty Maritime Law, that’s all they talk about is colorable claims. How do you get color to a pleading? Confession and Avoidance. I did a lot of research in this area. What is Confession and Avoidance? It’s a Common Law Remedy. Yes, you Confess…what it is, you confess that the Plaintiff has a Cause of action, but to Avoid the consequences of the action is by an Affirmative Defense. Confession and
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Avoidance has been change to Rule 8 Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. What is an Affirmative Defense? The Law Merchant; the Law of Principal & Equity; The Law of Discharge; The Law of Satisfaction; Bankruptcy…are Affirmative Defenses? Are they Bankrupt? Sure they are. What you’re trying to do is rebut the presumption, but you don’t want to do that…what you want to do is go in there and settle the account as the Principal. Whenever they monetize debt, they always have a Principal from which they borrow all this money from. Since the United States declared…..John Trafficant who is a congressman here said …”We are going through the biggest bankruptcy and reorganization in United States History”. James Trafficant…very brave man, but he doesn’t understand...he could have got out of this…we can get him out. O.K. when you go into these courts…all these judges know that there is no money; what do I mean by money? There’s no gold or…it depends on what jurisprudence you’re operating under. Under the Common Law, only Gold and/or Silver are money. Go read Title: 12 sections 211-212 it says “the lawful money in the United States shall be construed to be Gold & Silver coin”. All Federal Reserve Notes are redeemable at any Treasury Department office or any Federal Reserve Bank for lawful money. It is against public policy that’s what House Joint Resolution 192 says…”is hereby declared to be”…. Title 31 section 5118(2)(d) Does everyone understand confession and avoidance? Confession means you agree or accept; that’s your commercial acceptance. “I ACCPET THE CHARGE FOR VALUE AND CONSIDERATION AND RETURN AND FOR FULL SETTLEMENT FOR CASE AND ACCOUNT NUMBER. PLEASE USE MY EXEMPTION [ If that is the correct ruling in these courts today it would be good to preclude that statement with…”Pursuant to Rule 8 FRCP “I Accept For Value”. Now your giving the Judge the Rule under which you’re doing the acceptance and now can’t wiggle out and accept you’re acceptance. Rule 8 is for affirmative defense. Common Law Rule of confession and Avoidance under Affirmative Defenses. They have to give you an out. Whenever you create a liability, you always have to create a remedy. Every liability has a Remedy attached to it and Affirmative Defenses under Rule 8 is your Remedy from every commercial liability. What do I mean when I say these are “Pre-Paid Accounts”? What they do when the industrial society borrows money to manufacture product like when GMC manufactures automobiles, they borrow all money to manufacture these automobiles. Their on the Public side of the accounting ledger. What do I mean by Public side? Everything over here is private and everything over here is Public. This is where the principal is and this is where the Debtors are. Your straw man is over on the Public side he’s on the AUTOTRIS side and when your over on his side your in the Public…your in Bankruptcy. You’re the Principal and the owner. You’re the Stockholder…you’re the Bank. This is not my opinion, this is what’s going on…I’ll take you in any bank…I own my own bank. [Private Banker: Black Law 6th] I draw up my own charges. Ya, you’re the lien holder. Holder-in-due-course; stockowner, owner and the principal; you own the preferred stock and the common stock. This is where the principal is. The straw man is the beneficiary...they cannot run…you’re the bridge between the private and the public side [as are Notaries]. What is? Your exemption is that’s why they give you your exemption. This is the debits and this is the credits. Anyone understand intermediate accounting? Credits are liabilities and debits are assets. And if you look at these accounting books and I’ve seen them and everything
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is built up on the account ledger and they can’t pass it from the credit side to the debit side because they are constantly in Dishonor. Debits are private and credits are public. Most people are floundering around on the Public side of the accounting ledger. Their borrowing all of this money using your credit, but your responsible for the straw man. Who do they charge when you come into the court room? Whose name is on the complaint? Straw man. Their charging him isn’t they? Is he liable? Sure he is. So he has to pay doesn’t he? So if he doesn’t pay what happens? YOU PAY FOR HIM AS YOU ASSUME THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE FIDUCIARY TRUSTEE SO THEY PUT YOU IN PRISON AND SELL YOUR ACCOUNT. All they have to do is create a presumption, remember it’s all colorable and what does colorable mean…its not real. So do they have to have a real complaint? No. Do they have to have a real warrant? No. What did I just read to you about “Fiction-of-Law”? And they will not allow you to overcome this. What they do is if you go in there and start arguing with these people about jurisdiction or “I don’t owe this” or “That’s not my name” or “I’m not going to give you my name”; your going to be found in contempt and their going to drive you into the ground; they will jump on you and beat you into submission and you do not want this to happen. I’ve been there; I’ve done all this….you think I haven’t been there involved with the cops…you do not want to do it, you will get beat up and they will kill you and collect the insurance money. You have an account and your account is a “Demand Deposit” account and your insured by the FDIA and the FDIC. The “Federal Depository Insurance Act” which insures the FDIC which is the Federal Depository Insurance Corporation under Title 12; they have a 10 Million Dollar Policy on you and YOUR WORTH MORE DEAD THAN YOU ARE ALIVE. And if you want to find out how correct I am just get into a confrontation with these people, they will kill you without reservation and won’t bat an eye lash over it. They just shot a young lady down there in Boston Massachusetts who was outside with fans celebrating the victory of the Red Socks over the Yankees and they shot her in the face with a pellet rifle and killed her…she wasn’t even doing anything. The more people they kill…you have to understand what’s going on; I’m not B.S’n you one bit. Roger was telling me about the cemetery in West Virginia they cancelled the contract on the straw man and charged this guy with first degree murder because he killed the straw man. If you don’t think this serious shit your going to be for a rude awakening. I can show you judges, lawyers that hired this guy in Texas to hire these Mexicans then put a contract on them and hired this guy to go in their to shoot them then they collected the insurance money on them. This is serious business. Any questions about this?
You are the Creditor. What does a creditor do…a creditor pays his debts…you’re the only one that’s got any money. The banks don’t have any money…everyone on the public side is bankrupt. That’s why they had to create the straw man so that they would have a remedy and their doing everything right and we’re doing everything wrong. Everyone that goes into court does it all wrong…they go in there and argue with the judge. “I DON’T SPELL MY NAME IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS”. Question About going into court with a lawyer] Yes, they will appoint you one especially if it’s a felony. They’ll appoint counsel for you…what you do is a “LETTER OF ROGATORY” Its called a “Letter of Rogatory” [what’s that mean] A letter of Advice. What do you put

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into this “Letter of Rogatory”? You instruct the Attorney that you are doing an “Acceptance for Honor” and you want an accounting of the total amount of the Bill of the full settlement and closure of the account then you give your CUSIP and AUTOTIS number and your case number…you want to know what the total amount of the Bill is post settlement and closure of this account. What you want to do ….they can’t talk to you for the simple reason you don’t understand commercial law and the attorney is on the public side. You need a mouth piece; a microphone…that’s what attorneys are a mouthpiece. If you don’t give him the proper instructions on what to do, their not going to do anything. Give them a “Letter Rogatory”. This is a letter of advice, this is out of “Clerk’s Praxis” page 80. What you say in the letter is …put your name in here and put “I appoint…put your attorneys name here and you write “I appoint attorney JOE BLOW as my fiduciary trustee…case number and AUTOTRIS and CUSIP [SS NO.] AND USE MY EXEMPTION AS PRINCIPAL FOR FULL SETTLEMENT AND CLOSURE OF THIS CASE AND ACCOUNT and Date it and endorse it. You’re actually creating all the money for the Bank…their using your money and going out and making depravities and fractionalizing making Trillions of dollars off you and everyone asks me if this stuff works. We need a reality check. I issued an International Bill of Exchange to my APO adult parole officer and they stopped billing me. What I want is my Bond. The Bid Bond, Performance Bond & Payment Bond. Question: Yes, I’m the principal, I want my capital and interest back. What they did is quit billing me. The reason why you have to use an International Bill of Exchange is that December 8, 1988 the United States became a party to [UNICITROL this acronym is not correct] convention. Has everyone got this? Let me know if I’m going to fast. [So they quit billing when you were in prison when you tender IBOE] Yes they were sending me Bills every week and they arrested me because I drew it up on a computer and held me for 3 days and let me go. [Question indiscernible] You got that right. [Question indiscernible] Simple they pull a gun out and shoot you. They insert the shell into the revolver and shoot you. Because they have insurance on the straw man and since you got into dishonor and became an insurgent and belligerent. If go in….see I taught this in the other classes…this is why this is really a one week seminar because there are two sides of an [“AMICA” not sure if this is right] Report. There’s the “Supply” side and the “Admiralty” side and if you read….there’s a 700 page treatise on the internet that goes into all of these “War Powers” of the Executive Branch and anytime you’re under the War Powers Act and with the Trading with the Enemy, you’re subject to “Catcher” & “Seizure” wherever they find you. [Comment: What they do is sink your ship and collect on it;] A: Ya, they torpedo your vessel then they collect on it and if you don’t allow them to do full settlement and closure they will kill you in about an hour…if you think these people care about you your in for a rude awakening. I care about you otherwise I wouldn’t be standing here teaching. [Question about attorney] He’s acting as your Trustee and if he doesn’t, fire him…tell the judge this man I’ve appointed this man as fiduciary trustee [indiscernible] People come in my courtroom….[indiscernible] If you do it right and do what I tell you to do you will not be found in contempt of court. I got myself out of prison; I got charged with 3 counts of RICO. Intimidation: Felony III; Retaliation: Felony II. [One more count couldn’t make out] The only reason I spent anytime in prison is because I couldn’t get my paperwork. A friend of mine Howard

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Griswald has all of my paperwork and he wouldn’t send me my paperwork and I had to make a deal…I served 5 months and they let me out. But I didn’t go in there and argue with them I asked them for full settlement and closure of this account. They dropped the first 2 counts… I didn’t go in there like Ron Lutz did and tell the judge “you’re sitting on the bench and you don’t know the law”? [Comment: There’s a lot of people I know in Michigan that are being arrested in court because their shooting their mouth out; they have a partial understanding of what’s going on, but their being belligerent and calling the judge ass hole] I did that when I first started, I called the judge asshole….laughter…He said “you can’t talk to me like that”. [More laughter indiscernible] Ya, I didn’t’ know all of this then. [Comment indiscernible] What they do is arrest you….what you have to do is go after the Bond. The Bond is the key to this ….the Bond I’m talking about is the Bid Bond. There’s two sets of Bonds…there’s GSA 25 (General Services Administration). It’s called ….SF means Standard Form [comment]…these are GSA Form Numbers….these are Federal Forms. There are two sets of Federal Forms. The GSA SF24, that’s your “Bid Bond”,: GSA SF25 is your “Performance Bond”: and the GSA SF25A is the “Payment Bond”. [Question: something about the UNCITROL Treaty] The United States became a party to the UNCITROL convention in December 8th 1988 and it supercedes Article III of the UCC…if you go into the Master Text …the official text it says that. That’s where I got it from. We’re going to get into that…these International Bills of Exchange Note: some of these acronyms may not be right:

END OF PART II
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PART III

This is the Bid Bond; this is the Performance Bond & this is the Payment Bond. This is the Reinsurance here…the Performance Bond is the Reinsurance. The Payment Bond is the Underwriter. Do you know how they do it in Admiralty? They write your name under the name of someone else and that’s called the underwriter its all done with a signature. [Comment re: Bonds & ships on the sea] All Bonds are insurance…its all Admiralty. [Comment about seals] Well they usually have seals…all insurance companies have seals. Make a seal on it…make your own seal on it. If you’re the Principal do you have to have somebody tell you what to do? If you’re the Creditor then start acting like one. How does the Creditor act? Does he go after the Debt or the money? They come after you don’t they? What’s good for the goose is good for the gander [question] Yes; they guarantee the payment of the Bid Bond. The Payment Bond is the Underwriter. They get an Investment Broker and an Investment Banker to underwrite these Bonds. The Performance Bond guarantees the Bid Bond. Either the Insurance company or the Broker underwrites the Performance Bond. If you go into the Websites I gave you, USDistcourts, you’ll see a whole list of admitted reinsures and listed Sureties…there all listed in there. If I printed out all the stuff I have, we’d have a stack of papers like this. [Question: If you go to court and have all these Bonds in place, will that settle the account?] Yes, fill them out and get someone to give them to you.

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This is the problem with getting arrested because you don’t want to get belligerent with these people…if you get arrested then you can’t do anything. [Question: If you know of someone already in prison, how do you get them out?] Let me answer Joe’s question he asked a question. UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAW. Spelled: U-N-I-C-I-T-R-A-L. UNIT CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL BILL OF EXCHANGE. UNITIRAL CONVENTION ON TRADE LAW. Your Trade Law is your International Bill of Exchange and International Promissory Notes. You can use International Promissory Notes as well as International Bills of Exchange. I did an International Promissory Note with Wal-Mart and they accepted it. All these people being arrested….I’ll tell you what, their doing it wrong; their not going to full settlement and closure before they get to court. If you let these accounts stay open, the court will come after you [criminally] civilly. Why are they coming after you? There not coming after you for what you did; their coming after you because you didn’t do full settlement and closure of the account. Your not going to go to prison for writing checks. Roger is not in prison because of the checks he wrote…they can charge him with anything. Ron Lutz got 17 years and he’s not in prison for what he did…he bought some cars and they cashed those checks; those checks were good. He wrote an $80K Sight Draft and it was good…they cashed it. CREDIT!!! While he’s sitting in prison for 17 years. [Question: Why is that?] What have I been saying? They charged him, go read UCC 3-501 if you want to know what a charge is. In order to make someone Liable on a commercial instrument you have to make a presentment. Have you ever read a Mortgage Note? You waive Dishonor, you waive Presentment and you waive Protest. It’s a confessed judgment that’s why they go to collection. They seize the property and take you into court. You waive everything, you waive Presentment, Dishonor & Protest. Did I answer your question Joe regarding UNICITRAL ? Yes. December 8, 1988, the United States became a party to this Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory Notes. I have 4 different copies on UNICITRAL. This one here has the document numbers on it…Benedict on Admiralty 7th Addition. There’s 90 articles in it and tells you the International Convention on Trade Law. It’s the United Nations Convention on Trade Law. What they are doing is making everything uniform because everyone is operating on International Law. They are not operating under Article III, they are operating under the UNICITRAL Convention because the United Nations and the Pentagon are running everything. Their owned by the Jesuits who own the Vatican who are owned by the Catholic Church and the Pentagon and the United Nation. Their operating under International Law and that’s why you have to use International Bills of Exchange because it Supercedes Article III and what does that mean…you can’t use Drafts or anything because its been Superceded. Everything is International. When I did one of these, they arrested me and kept me for 3 days and then let me go. They must have called the Comptroller of the Currency. I gave one of these to them. All these people going to jail and I gave them one. Where you get into trouble with these instruments is when you cut a draw on the Public side of the Accounting ledger. There is no “Treasury Direct Account”. Where is the account? It’s your exemption where is the exemption? It’s on the Bill of Exchange. You’re the Drawer and the Drawee. If you go into the UNICITRAL convention and read Articles 1 – 7, it tells you how to put one of these together…this is put together correctly. I’ve

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used it and it works. Q: The document number where did that come from? That came from “Benedict on Admiralty” that’s the only one that has the document number on it if you want proof of the International Bills of Exchange. If you go to Article 6 subsection 3 & Article 7 – 4C it talks about “As good as Aval”. What does “As good as Aval” mean? When you sign your signature, you put “As good as Aval” underneath it. This came from Australia and Canada. The Canadians use this and when the United States became a party to the UNICITRAL Convention, they adopted this into the convention on the International Bills of Exchange and these things work. I gave one to the ATA; these are the people that are arresting all of these people for using these instruments and they accepted it. Q: What does that mean…”Aval”? It’s a Surety-Ship contract; that means your guaranteeing the payment. How can you guarantee the payment…because you are the Principal on the private side. You’re the Reinsure. You’re not only the Reinsure, you’re the Underwriter. Write your name underneath theirs, get them to get you a contract then write their name and give them a Bid Bond, Payment Bond and a Performance Bond. Ya, you should put the date on there. You’re the Principal and that’s why they put the Principal on these Bonds. You’re the Principal and the Reinsure on the Surety. You’re also the Underwriter on the Payment Bond that guarantees the Performance Bond that guarantees the Bid Bond. Is there anybody that doesn’t understand that? Q: When you write that Bill of Exchange do you write that Bid Bond with it? Yes. You use the International Bill of Exchange with the 3 Bonds. The Bid Bond, the Performance Bond and the Payment Bond. The International Bill of Exchange is the guarantee of the Bonds. That’s the guarantee…that’s the Surety Contract and they have to accept it. It’s International Law. Their operating under the law. Their doing all of this stuff behind your backs, their doing it in the banks…what do you think the banks are running on? They don’t have any money. Everyone is Bankrupt. There isn’t a bank on this planet that hasn’t got any money. Their stealing your exemption number 1, because you’re not using and the exemption is intellectual property under international law. All commercial property or items come under intellectual property under international law. Their stealing your identity…the people on this planet are like a bunch of moon struck cows. Everyone is so disoriented they need a Geiger counter to find their do do. Q: So all we do when we get a traffic ticket or something is write your acceptance statement; draw up the 3 Bonds and BOE and send it in and that’s it? That’s it. What you do when you get arrested and you do the Acceptance and Return for Value and Consideration for full Settlement and Closure of the Account; the CUSIP & AUTORIS numbers using your Exemption and Pre-Paid account and exempt from levy. Put that on the front of the complaint for the amount of the bond they always have to set a Bond. That’s the Market Value of the Bind Bond. So what you’re doing is coming in as a contractor and bidding on the default judgment. You attach the Bid Bond…you’re the reinsure and the underwriter. Which means you’re the reinsure on the Performance Bond and the Underwriter on the Payment Bond. All the Payment Bond is an underwriter on an underwritten Bond and usually what an investment banker or investment broker is. Now let me ask you this…how can they underwrite a Payment Bond when they don’t have any money. You got to get real man…these banks are all Bankrupt. Ill liquid, insolvent. You’re creating all the money the banks are using. They’ll give you free checking a free dog…hahha. A Mexican bull. Q: Do you have to

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have a UCC-1 filed? Ya, I would do it. Q: File one against the trust? Well they say you have to redeem your straw man and file with the Secretary of the Treasury…”to redeem your straw man”…I don’t think that is necessary. What I did is file a 12 page security agreement because I made the Security Agreement the collateral and all the collateral is listed in the Security Agreement and I attached it to the UCC-1 financing statement and filed the whole thing, it’s about 19 pages. Q: Where did you get the Security Agreement? A: I had a law firm draw mine up. The biggest law firm in the United States, all they do is Security Agreements…they did mine and if you want help I’ll do one for you for a very small nominal fee. All the collateral is listed on this security agreement. It’s got an Indemnification Bond in it in case of default and what you’re doing is indemnifying all of the default of the straw man, it’s just like a Surety Bond. You have all of this power and you’re giving it all up. What do you think these people are doing? This is what their doing. We should be doing what their doing. They don’t have any money. You’re creating all of the money. So where does that leave us? That means that we don’t need banks do us? Q: Are we the only the country that knows this? Nope. I’ll tell you who knows this …Douglas Whaley you need to get his book. He’s a professor of the University of Ohio and he teaches commercial law to banks and I’m going to get his books there’s 3 volumes and their in print. I’ve got all 3 down at the other house or I had. [Some discussion on the security agreement] The reason I filed my security agreement is to get down my collateral I didn’t put it on my UCC 1, I put it in the body of the security agreement. So I registered it …the security agreement and the ucc-1. [More discussion on the ucc-1 and security agreement] The corporations always deal with the fictions because their bankrupt. You have to be a lien holder to claim this is the way Admiralty works. If you’re not the lien holder then you can’t bring a claim in Admiralty. [the security agreement is an agreement between the straw man and you. The ucc-1 is a registered lien that is authorized by the security agreement. The human controls the lien on the straw man by filing the lien on the ucc-1, prior to that you better have paperwork that documents the difference between the straw man and the human because if you don’t have that you can’t breach the assumption of the straw man in court. There’s a process that’s already been established that does the separation between the human and the straw man. The security agreement follows and the ucc-1 follows that. If you don’t have that before you know this process prioritizes each one of those filings and they can go backwards and nail your butt to the liability on the straw man] [some more discussion on the filings] Don’t make assumptions…they are not going to change anything. [Questions on attorneys] You make him talk to the court and if he doesn’t want to do it then fire him. Get someone that will…tell the judge that he’s not following your instructions. You’ve given him instructions for full settlement….get it on the record. Then you can go a Notaral Protest and a Notice of Protest which is your Default Judgment. If they refuse to close the account….and all these forms are in Pombino…I recommend you get Pombino Notarial Handbook. Pombinos. Somewhere in all of this paperwork I’ve got a Notary Handbook, I recommend you get one and here it is, here is the number…this is got all of the forms in it. Let me tell you that you can only do a Notarial Protest on an International Bill of Exchange. What does that tell you? Q: A: You can do your own if you’re a Notary. This is called the National Edition. I’m going to give you the phone number, it’s an 800 number and you can call it and order it,

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its $24.95 plus shipping. This has got all the forms to do a Protest. You do a Notice of Protest and a Certificate of Protest. You ask for the National Edition. It’s got a Maritime Protest and a Marine Protest and a Certificate of Protest and a Notice of Protest. Notice of Protest is Notice of Dishonor…you have to give them Notice. Ask for the National Edition. Start doing things right and we’ll start getting our Remedy. This is somebody that knows what their talking about. I bet you have 100,000 people running around teaching Redemption and none of them know this stuff that I’m teaching here today…not one person in Redemption knows this stuff. Q: A: Notary Handbook. Its in the Cleveland Library…I have it at home…I’ve got all the forms here for doing a Notary Protest…all the forms are in this book; the Notice of Protest and the Certificate of Protest and have already filed it with the Secretary of State and they sent it back and said it was not authorized to be filed and I’m going to resend it back. Even in the statutes is authorizes them to file it. If you’re going to do this stuff you’ve got to learn it. Everybody is running around getting everyone else to do their paperwork for them – all they end up doing is getting in trouble. Q: Seems to me this Protest get lost in this whole procedure, I’m not sure how it fits in. A: OK, when you go to full settlement and closure of the account, their in commercial dishonor. If you do Notice of Protest and a Certificate of Protest…this is in Title 10 USC section 4801, it’s called the Uniform Foreign Judgments Act. They’re foreign to you. Do they collect on you? How many people are in prison right now? The old Axiom “If you’re in Rome, do what the Romans do”. If you’re operating under Lex Mercantoria you got to learn Lex Mercantoria or Commercial Law. Q: A: Yes, under the Uniform Judgments Act. What do you think they’re doing? Where do you think I’m getting all of this information from? I’m getting it from them…this is their stuff not mine I didn’t make this stuff up, this is what their doing. The Federal District Court buy up the state court judgments with a Bid Bond from some contractor then some insurance company comes in their with a Performance Bond and underwrites the Performance Bond then they go to the Federal District court and enforce the judgment. The District court is buying all of these state court judgments and their selling them on the commodities and securities exchange. When you get an underwriter in there the underwriter converts the Payment Bond into an investment security. They pool these mortgage backed securities and when they pool them they become a Bond. It’s all Bonds. If you go to 26 CFR, I think its 1-101. We’re talking about Bonds; you’re the Principal on all these Bonds. Everyone is using your Bond except you. The Banks are buying Mortgages; all the real-estate and you’re sitting here like a big dummy wondering what’s going on. Your giving them all the money to do this…creating it. The banks can’t create anything because they are on the Public which is bankrupt. That’s why they open up all these account…these alleged freebees. We’ll give you a big 12 inch pop sickle if you come down and open up an account; we’ll give you an Arobic Cube doll to play with or a Piñata; you know what a Piñata is? These little dummy that hangs from the strings. You give up all your power. I tried to teach this stuff in 1980 and nobody would listen. Now people are starting to listen. When the problem is always greater than the solution people always go to the solution. Q: If you’re paying back the loan what happens to that interest…how does that interest fit in? A: Well the interest is represented by Accruals on the principal that’s what they make the derivatives on. Everything that is circulating as money is capital and interest. Really

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what it is principal in circulation they don’t call it principal because its capital and interest in circulation. Federal Reserve Notes, Demand Deposit Account, Checkbook Money, International Bills of Exchange any kind of commercial paper are called Capital and Interest. “Letters of Stand-by Credit”. How do you think a Bank issues a Letter of Stand-by Credit? What a bank does take their collateral which is all these checks from the checking account which are nothing but promissory notes used as collateral and are used as the Stand-by-Letters-of-Credit. If you ever looked at my Astrological chart, I’m doing this under my chart; I’m dealing with international bankers…here I am. Hahaha. You guys have a lot of power you just got to use it. Q: Do you want to set up a step by step instruction for someone in jail. A: First thing I would do…I need help, I’m trying to teach this stuff I’ll tell you everything I know, I’m not trying to hide anything. The number one thing you want to do is find out who has your bond. What bond am I talking about…the Bid Bond. Q: Does it make any difference on what charges you have? No. It doesn’t matter if you were wagging your @#$%. Everyone is focused on what you did…it has nothing to do with what you did. When you get to the statute merchant, the statute itself is the bond…what does that bond represent…the public and national debt. That’s why they made this…why do you think they made a straw man a person of title if their not bankrupt? They had to have a fiction as they only deal with fictions. And everyone wants to go in there and say that’s not me or I spell my name…I’ve done all that. So to get your Bid Bond you go into the U.S. Court who buys all these Bid Bonds up. Find out what Circuit Court you’re in and click on it. All these instructions are in that 15 age Treatise, you need to sit down and read the Treatise. This is why were going to have a follow up class on this stuff because your going to have questions on this stuff. Find out who the holder of you Bid Bond is on the website of the Dist. Court your in by looking up your case #. Remember their not the Holder-In-Due-Course only the Holder. You’re the Holder-In-Due-Course. Make sure the guy in prison has a UCC-1 filed. Their doing the same thing with the mortgages…everyone is dipping into the prison system…everybody. There are 10,000 corporations in Paine Webber. I gave you the website, go into the website and go to Paine Webber and there’s 10,000 corporations listed in their. I’ve got a file this thick on Fidelity management research that is supposed to be the assets of the prison system. [Comment: Actually the first step is to get the person who is in jail to file a ucc-1] A: Right, the first thing you should do is file a ucc-1 with a security agreement. Q: Shouldn’t we separate our straw man via a “Declaration of Identity? A: The way my ucc-1 is setup it identifies the straw man. Number 3 is you find out who got your Bid Bond and all the instructions are in my Treatise on page 15. READ THE TREATISE!!! Educate yourself. I’m doing this for your benefit. I’m up here teaching this stuff for everybody’s benefit. We can stop what these people are doing; this is very powerful stuff. Q: What about a priority lien? A: I think they know who you are, even though you’re sovereign because your operating in a commercial setting, you have to follow commercial procedures; I don’t think it has anything to do with status. People are getting in trouble in courtroom not because their not sovereign, but because their getting into commercial dishonor. A default judgment applies to a sovereign. It doesn’t matter what your status is, if you

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go into a courtroom and start testifying and go in their and telling them you are the debtor and get into dishonor and start arguing with these people. It’s the procedure that you follow in the courtroom that identifies what your status is. Q: A: That’s true; you have to make a “special appearance” and not a “general appearance”. A General Appearance is when you go in there and recognize that this case is in court. What you want to do is get full settlement and closure so get your ucc-1 first. If you want to do the “Status” thing…my Security Agreement does that. Because you’re in commercial law you want to establish yourself as the creditor. The first thing you should do when you go into a courtroom is go in a “Teratis” intervener…a 3rd party intervener. Intervener means intervention. You’re coming in as a 3rd party intervener under rule 24. What appears to be a dispute over title? The title holder is the lien holder. The ucc-1 financing statement is a statutory lien. So what you want to do is establish yourself as the lien holder by the secured party. You’re appearing as the 3rd party intervener. Intervenus is Latin for intervener. Teritris means 3rd party. Who are the other two parties? The Plaintiff & the Defendant. [some discussion on papers in court and how to act] A: If you act like a creditor you’ll be treated like a creditor. If you act like debtor you’ll be pounded right into the ground. Every time you open your mouth you’re testifying. You have to find out who’s holding your bond. Go to the District Court in your area and look up your case number where you were convicted and you find out who bought your Bid Bond. Who’s holding the Bond and go after it. The Bid Bond, the Performance Bond…it will all be revealed. It will tell you who the reinsure is, who the underwriter is and who the contractor is who bought the Bid Bond. Q: How do I go after it, do I write a letter. A: Write a Letter Rogatory to them and tell them that you’ve done an acceptance and return for value and consideration and return and your asking for full settlement and closure of this account and CUSIP # and you want the Bond returned back to you. Q: Who do you send this to? A: Whoever is holding your Bond? You send it to the court too. I’ve already sent it to the court. They’ve closed the case and I want my Bond back. I sent it to the Clerk of the court, prosecutor and the judge. [Q: Can you have the fiduciary find you’re Bond?] A: Sure. This is after you’ve been convicted, dishonored and been to the cross-bar hotel and beat up and ganged banged…whatever and your out now and you want to get rid of all this….they still got your account open. [Q: So this is what you’re talking about…the “Certificate of Protest” & “Notice of Protest”] A: You have to lay a foundation for Default Judgment just like they did to you; that’s what they did to you. They got Default Judgment on you and then they went to closure. The commitment order is the Default judgment. Their committing you to a [Department of corrections is to correct the Debt as stated by Roger Elvick] or “credit” facility because they got you into a dishonor. These are called Credit facilities, these are not prisons. [Q: Can you issue a Bond with a Habeas Corpus?] A: Yes. A H.B. is a civil suit. If they don’t give you the Bond…what I’m gong to do is find out who is holding the Bond and send them a “Letter of Rogatory” and if they don’t give me the Bond back then what I’m going to do is a Habeas Corpus in Federal District .Court to Order them to forfeit the Bond on the grounds that they are in commercial dishonor. I’ve got evidence of the dishonor. I’ve got judgment on them already; the “Certificate of Protest” and the “Notice of Protest” IS YOUR JUDGMENT. But you can only do this on an International Bill of Exchange. I’ve already don’t the IBO.

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The only thing you haven’t done is close my account. They have not given me the proceeds or my Bond; the “Fixtures” “Products” & “Proceeds”. [Discussion about (Haridabus: not sure if spelled right) Habeas Corpus, Surety] Yes, what you can do is sue the Bond with a Inreqocadia in Admiralty under Rule 9.8. Go after the Bond. Name the Bond in the suit what do you think their doing to you…their suing the Bond. Their not suing you, their suing the straw man. [Q: What happens once you get the Bond?] A: This is the only part that I don’t know; I’ve got someone that does know what to do. I know how to monetize these Bonds or hypothecated…what you do is get them hypothecated. [Q: How do you get someone out of jail?] A: You do full settlement and closure and release the Bond…Orders of the court and the Bond. [Q: Release the Bond, does that include the person that is in jail?] A: Yes. Once you redeem the Bond then they have to release the person. The reason their holding the person is because the bond has not been redeemed. [Some discussion can’t make out] And he’s doing it on the Public side. What I’m advocating is you do it on the private side. You Bond yourself. You’re trying to do it on the public side and you can’t redeem on the public side you have to do it on the private side. [Q: Basically what you’re saying is that you redeem the Bond?] A: The reason their holding the person in prison is because of the Default Judgment. You got to redeem the Bond…there’s an outstanding Bond and their holding you as collateral against the Bond. Human chattel…you are goods in a warehouse. These prisons are crack facilities for warehouseman…they are baileys and bailers. If you read my Treaties, the Bailees are the ones that deliver the goods and the Baylor is the one that holds the goods and the bailment is the contractor that delivers the goods and you are goods under the Uniform Commercial Code. Chattle. [Q: Where can you go to get instruction for the documents for Habeas Corpus?] A: Go to Title 28 section 2254…Habeas Corpus proceeding for a state prisoner and 2255 is for a Federal prisoner. You can get the forms from the Clerk of the District court. There are all kinds of form books in the law library for doing Habeas Corpuses.
Hard to understand discussion by the group

[some discussion on people in jails and various scenarios] discussion…..now if your trying to get someone else out of jail….how many people here have someone that they want to get out of jail? OK, I suggest we get together and figure out how the hell to do this and make it happen. Do these people have a ucc-1 they want to file? I think we need to start from scratch. Do they have an account with the US Treasury? That’s where they need to start. Need their Social Security Number & Number on the back of the SS card and get their ucc-1 filed………your saying all of those numbers are needed in a ucc-1? That’s correct. That’s not true because I discharged a debt for my son from the IRS. How old is your son? 37. He doesn’t have any ucc-1 filed. Well here is what I’m going to recommend because there’s plenty of people in here that have situations like that…if your interested I suggest that we create some kind of a work group and figure out this process and start implementing this. We can do it on line or we can get together on the weekend or whatever you want to do. First of all their seems to be some discrepancy of
information on what needs to be filed on the ucc-1…I didn’t put my ss # on it…ya but you can amend anytime you want to.

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Jean: I think the concept of your ss #, birth certificate # in setting up a Treasury Direct Account is the Secretary of the Treasury is the fiduciary trustee of the bankruptcy [Note: I also heard it was the Secretary of the Transportation. Transcriber] He is the one that discharges all your debts and so you send everything to him. What you do is draw yourself an International Bill Exchange and make yourself the Payee and you use your exemption. The red number on the back of the ss card, that’s your exemption [aka Pre-Paid account no] the red numbers are on the new cards, they started doing that in the 50’s and 60’s. This is GAP the General Accounting Practices. [Also GAAP is Generally Accepted Accounting Principals] They give you two numbers: You have a private number and a public number. The ss # is for the debtor or straw man and the red number is for you the principal. Go get a 1099 OID and I’ll prove to you that everything I’m teaching is correct. Original Issue Discount they issue you as the principal and everyone else is listed as the Debtor and what they do is file a 1096 tax return which is a Pre-Pay interest…all corporations file that form to show pre-paid interest to get the deduction. If you read title 26 sections 163 it says all pre-paid interest is tax deductible. Everybody is doing this thing differently. I’ve seen guys write checks and they register them as collateral on a ucc-1. [Some discussion] Well everybody wants to do something differently. I’ve filed the birth certificate as collateral; listed the social security card. The straw man is a trust fund; I put it down as a trust fund…the Keating Jean Blane trust fund…that’s who the debtor is. Ya, they say the secured party and the debtor cannot be the same person. The secretary of state wouldn’t let me file it so I changed it to a trust fund and they let me file it. [They won’t accept the description that the straw man is a different. They’re using your name; your mother gave them permission to do that. We all get too soon old and too late smart. 1099 OID, that’s what they file when they buy these Bonds. Let’s take another break.